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I have 4 layers (A, B, C, D) which I wish to blend by the following formula (A xor B) plus (C xor D). Is it possible to accomplish this in Photoshop? I am a newbie and found that layer can only control it's blending with all underlying ones.

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up vote 2 down vote accepted

Maybe. Sort of.

The maths for blending modes probably doesn't fit exactly what you're after. Difference is the same as XOR, and I think Screen the closest you'll get to addition.

Screen Blending Mode

Difference Blending Mode

You should be able to set up the compositing you're after by setting a group blending mode.

enter image description here

If you're after specific and precise values as a result, you may be better served by using something else (or writing your own little application in a high level language).

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Is Difference not exactly the same as XOR? –  e100 Oct 22 '12 at 13:57
    
Yeah, I think so. But I don't think screen is the same as pure addition of the values? I'll edit my response. –  Marc Edwards Oct 22 '12 at 14:47
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