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Ok, I'm an Illustrator noob, but I've worked in screen printing.

I made a design which is composed of an expanded Live Trace, a couple of rectangles with fills and strokes, and some text within said rectangles/boxes. It's a simple design and we have three spot colors, black, red, and yellow.

So my idea is (was) to flatten all layers, select each color, and move them to their own newly created layers, one color each layer. Print each layer black and, voilá, color seps.

I used the layer command Flatten Artwork, then selected a black object then Select -> Same -> Fill Color. Then created a new Layer, and slid the black on up. When I did the next color, which also happens to be the rectangle fill color, the text was now beneath the box. In other words, all objects (and text) were still on different layers, even though I thought I'd flattened the artwork. Nothing underneath my boxes or text was knocked out.

Can you flatten both art and text in Illustrator? If so, how?

Can you output (print) each layer separately, or must you create a new file for each? I saw no provision for printing individual layers in the Print Dialog box.

I'm using CS5 on Mac OS. Thanks for your help!

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2 Answers

up vote 7 down vote accepted

There are a couple of ways to do color separations for screen preparation in Illustrator. You're trying to do it the more complicated way, so I'll walk you through how I'd do that first.

Let's start with a simple text object that has a fill and a stroke on top of a rectangle:

Starting Artwork

The Long Way

Step 1: BACK UP YOUR ORIGINAL ARTWORK!

This process will make irreparable changes to your artwork. It won't affect the appearance, but it will certainly lessen the editability. Either save the original in a different file, or duplicate the artwork and store it in a locked and hidden layer.

Step 2: Expand All Text and Strokes

This is why we back up the original. Once we expand the text, we can't edit it again (without re-creating it). Use ObjectExpand Appearance... and ObjectExpand as many times as necessary until you have only shapes with fills (no strokes) and no text objects.

If we view the outlines of our artwork now, it looks very messy, but we'll clean that up in the next step.

Messy Lines

Step 3: Merge and Trim

Click the Merge button on the Pathfinder pane. This will clean up the shapes so that there is no overlap. The artwork should still look exactly the same as the original, but in Outlines view it looks nice and tidy

Tidy Art

Step 4: Separate Colors into Layers

Now, all we need to do is repeat a SelectSameFill Color and drag the selected colors into a new layer for each color.

Separated

And you're done! You can now apply a black Fill and export each layer to have your screen separations.


The Easier Way

If you have Acrobat (or another PDF printer?[Unverified]) installed, Illustrator has a nice way to do all this for you from the Print menu. Ignore all the previous steps and just start with your artwork

Pull up FilePrint..., and select Adobe PDF as your printer from the Printer: drop-down box.

On the left, go to the Output settings, set the Mode to Separations (Host Based): and deselect all the process colors.

Output Settings

When I hit print, the following PDF file is generated:

PDF Output

Each color is separated on its own page.

Added Bonus:

Check out the Marks and Bleed settings as well. You can have it automatically add trim and registration marks which is ultra handy for lining up your screens. I prefer the Japanese Printer Mark Types (as opposed to Roman), but check them out and see what works for you.

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Ok, I tried Select All, but couldn't get Expand. I guess you gotta do 'em one by one. Also, the Mode was grayed-out, probably because I hadn't expanded everything. Ok, let me try this. –  sudon't Jun 1 '13 at 21:58
    
If Expand is greyed out, try Expand Appearance first, then do Select All again then Expand should be un-greyed out –  JohnB Jun 1 '13 at 22:01
    
Ok, got the Expand, Merge, Trim part out of the way. But in my Print dialog, I don't have PDF as an option - only PostScript. And Mode is still greyed-out. Do I first have to Save the file as Adobe PDF format to get this Print option? –  sudon't Jun 1 '13 at 22:13
    
You're mixing the two methods. If you're expanding, merging, and trimming, you don't need the Print/Mode option. After you merge all the artwork, you can just hide all but one color layers and save it as a PDF (repeat for each color). I'll edit my answer to be more clear about this. For the Print method to work, I think you may need Adobe Acrobat installed. It may work with some other PDF printer, but it is not something I have tried. –  JohnB Jun 1 '13 at 22:20
    
Right JohnB. But I wanted to check out the other method as well. I haven't separated the colors onto layers yet. Oh, and as far as backups, yes I made one but this is just a kinda practice run anyway, so I can see if I know what I'm doing. –  sudon't Jun 1 '13 at 22:22
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You actually want to Select All, then Pathfinder > Merge, then Object > Ungroup if needed. You should then be able to move things around on layers and have "holes" or "counters" where lower layers need to show through upper layers.

The merge command will combine all objects which have the same fill and remove any content which may be hidden below those objects.

Flattening layers, is not like Photoshop. "Flattening Artwork" in Illustrator merely combines all layers into one single layer, often not changing artwork at all.

If you used Object > Flatten Transparency, that will have no effect unless you have transparent objects in the file.

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Will Pathfinder -> Merge convert text to objects? Or do I need to Expand all that stuff first? –  sudon't Jun 1 '13 at 22:07
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