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I'm trying to find the name or ("term") for this:

words

What is it called when the size of individual or groups of words are increased proportionally in size so that they are all the same width?

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Just a little heads-up: if you received an answer that fits your expectations and answers your question, don't forget to accept it so the question can be closed. –  e-sushi Jul 22 '13 at 13:10
    
I was already going to choose your answer, since it is the one that helps most. But I was waiting in case somebody comes up with another answer. But you are right, it is too late now :) –  Cengiz Frostclaw Jul 23 '13 at 1:41
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3 Answers 3

up vote 6 down vote accepted

Just changing the size to make the width the same but the height different is simply called "typesetting".

Making sure that multiple lines (read: a paragraph) fit left-aligned, right-aligned, center-aligned, or block-aligned is called "justification".

But since some of your lines only contain a single word, the terms you are probably looking for here are "kerning" and "tracking". "Kerning" adjusts the space between individual letter forms — in contrast to "tracking" (letter-spacing) which adjusts spacing uniformly over a range of characters.

Kerning and Tracking example

Both "kerning" and "tracking" can be used to tweak the widths a bit better than just resizing. When you use a text-editor (or software like Photoshop) and justify your paragraphs, kerning and/or tracking do the magic.

Other options and terms for other (alike) options to influence the width of your text would be "word spacing" and "sentence spacing", but in your question's example, those are obviously not used.

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I'll look for these terms and learn what they mean :) Thanks ! –  Cengiz Frostclaw Jul 14 '13 at 18:05
    
Kerning can be thought of as an adjustment within the box that a letter lives in, whereas tracking is the adjustment of the spacing between the boxes. "Leading" comes from (and is pronounced like) "lead" as in metal, not "lead" as in leadership. –  horatio Jul 16 '13 at 16:51
    
@horatio "...an adjustment within the box that a letter lives in..." is not really correct. Kerning describes the spacing between characters, not the box a character lives in. When you create a font and format the individual character kerning, the character box dimensions will remain the same. Kerning modifies the distance between the character boxes (by overlapping the character boxes or pushing them apart). Or as wikipedia describes it: "the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font". Btw. found this one: http://xkcd.com/1015/ –  e-sushi Jul 16 '13 at 18:33
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I am right enough as I indicated when I said "can be thought of" and as you point out, tracking also does this. Kerning is about adjusting the space around and between specific characters. Tracking is an adjustment applied to kerned letters. –  horatio Jul 16 '13 at 20:40
    
@horatio Please don't get me wrong. Just wanted to be sure the actual technique "behind the screens" got a mention too as this was the perfect chance to mention it. But I didn't want to step on any toes by doing so... you're indeed correct enough to make a point that I can upvote as a comment. ;) –  e-sushi Jul 16 '13 at 23:45
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Perhaps simply justified.

I don't think I've ever seen a specific phrase when it's words being justified rather than sentences/paragraphs. It's all merely justified.

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Thanks for your answer ! I, as a coder, know "justified" as in css, so the words are aligned to both left and right, while keeping the font size same, adjusting the spaces between words. So there is not a term for this effect? I need it because I need softwares that to this, and have no idea how to search for them :) –  Cengiz Frostclaw Jul 14 '13 at 13:06
    
@CengizFrostclaw Justification is justification whether it's one word, two words, fifteen, or one hundred. The definition of justification is to align the left and right sides. I don't believe there's a special sub-term simply because the type sizes change. –  Scott Jul 14 '13 at 16:28
    
fair enough, thanks. –  Cengiz Frostclaw Jul 14 '13 at 18:05
    
Would someone mind explaining the down vote? –  Scott Jul 15 '13 at 1:23
    
I hope the downvoter does. –  Cengiz Frostclaw Jul 15 '13 at 17:38
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The line length is referred to as the "measure." The above sample of different words on different lines are set "flush." They may also be referred to as being set optically aligned flush. Flush-left describes the alignment of the left edge of the type block. Flush-right for the right edge alignment. Irregular line lengths can be centred over one another, too. There are a number of irregular variations.

The term to express simultaneous alignment of the left (beginning) and the right (ending) is "justified." It is usually accomplished by varying the word space on each line and by using hyphenation to split multi-syllable words into manageable chunks. Irregular word spaces make reading more difficult than regular gaps between the words. Justified is an appearance, a condition. There are different actions a typographer takes to create a justified text block.

The technique used in the above example is by adjusting font size to fit the line measure. Other means can be used to achieve alignment.

Letter-spacing can be increased to stretch the length of the line to the desired measure. A constant amount of additional letter spacing is also called tracking by some software.

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Thanks, Stan ! Do you know any software that does this type of typography ? –  Cengiz Frostclaw Aug 27 '13 at 11:13
    
In Illustrator, I use "align" with "pathfinder" a lot. I also must work within corporations using only MS Word. I do a lot of Hacks to achieve the visual effect. Anything to achieve the visual effect. I know of no software that does not do it. The problem is knowing the software sufficiently well to do what you visualize. –  Stan Aug 28 '13 at 18:04
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