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I'm involved with a project that needs a few icons to represent some categories. Some of them aren't that difficult to represent graphically, however I'm having a hard time thinking of how time is represented graphically.

Specifically, I need two simple icons to represent both past and future. I tried looking up other representations, but the best I can find are arrows pointing left and right. However, these are very unclear and would just be confusing to the user.

My question is, how has time been graphically represented throughout history?

EDIT: This edit is for my specific purpose. However, I'm still really interested in the bigger question of 'How was time been graphically represented'.

Since I didn't provide context, I'll clarify a bit. I'm working on an app that allows users to take a picture of something, tag it with 1 of 5 categories, and then upload it so that everybody can see all of these notes (optionally sorted by these tags) on a map.

The purpose of the app (right now) is specific to Madison, Wisconsin - and is trying to showcase the cool things the city has to offer.

The 5 tags are Madison Culture, Must Do Things, Innovations at UW, 'Stories of the Past', and '100 Years From Now'.

Stories of the Past are cool things that have happened in the city, excluding inventions and such (innovations) - so not really 'stories' in the book sense.

Past: I've thought of making a moldy tome, or silent film representation of our famous State Street. Future: A flying car by the state capitol.

The problem with these ideas, is that they are only supposed to be small annotations on the map, and I'm afraid that these are too detailed and will be impossible to decipher.

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I think with more information or an example how you want to use your icons your question would be much more understandable. For me it is not clear what you want to do ... –  Kurt Jul 18 '13 at 20:18
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2 Answers

  • Sprout and tree
  • Baby and old man
  • shiny and decayed
  • Rotary phone and smart phone
  • horse and cart and automobile

Just a few idea. Context means everything. I'm sure there may be objects which fit within context of your project which may reflect time in a similar manner.

Based upon the edits....

  • Quill vs. screen
  • wheel vs. rocket
  • torch vs. flashlight
  • sundial vs. pocket watch vs. wristwatch
  • bowler hat vs. baseball cap vs. space helmet
  • Wright Bros. plane vs. biplane vs. jet vs. rocket
  • Horse vs. Model-T vs. modern car vs. flying car

I may opt for color coding the same icon though for clearer readability. Perhaps an icon for the type of attraction and then a corresponding color for the age of the attraction. Although from your list perhaps portray the intention of the location - Culture, To Do, Innovations, Stories, and Future - rather than focusing on time specifically. Stories could be a book, a speech bubble, a storyteller, etc. and Future could be rockets, flying cars, spacemen, etc. This allows the representation to be more independent than trying to create corresponding icons to reflect both intent and timeframe.

Maybe more of a UX question in there somewhere.

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Thanks for the suggestions. I actually am color coding them, so that isn't a problem. I just wanted to see what already existed in terms of graphically representing time, with minimal context. It would be cool to see some good examples in action (with or without context). I'd like this to be a more general question, rather than a specifc 'beg for help' :] –  Katamaritaco Jul 19 '13 at 18:47
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Your dilemma is really not so much about depicting states of time as it is differentiating story types. One is a record, one is a forecast or fantasy. I'd focus on that distinction.

First thoughts in this direction:

  • Past: scroll, book
  • Future: crystal ball, dream/thought bubble

No matter how you deal with the icons, it's going to be very hard to get them on the map itself. You'd either have indistinguishable icons or a very crowded map. Alternatively, how about representing each point on the map with a simple common indicator and display the type icon in the info screen triggered on tap? You could allow the user to filter out certain attraction types on the screen with a preference so they wouldn't be bothered with unnecessary indicators.

Now I'm getting into UX, so I'll stop there ;)

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Thanks for the suggestions. I've thought about a tome for the past representation, but I'm not sure if it will be immediately clear that it represents history/stories/etc (Although it has been the only worthwhile idea so far). I think future is harder to come up with, although you may be on to something with a crystal ball. Addressing your UX concerns - The app actually does everything you listed :]. The problem is trying to find a simple enough picture that can be scaled down and still recognizable. –  Katamaritaco Jul 19 '13 at 15:36
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The scaling part is what I was referencing: Don't put the icons on the map, just dot indicators. Use the icons in the screen the user moves to upon tap. The map indicators could be color coded to the icons, but would be a bit obscure for casual users. –  plainclothes Jul 22 '13 at 21:01
    
As for the history icon, I think the scroll would be more readily understood than a book. Maybe an old style pocket watch? –  plainclothes Jul 22 '13 at 21:03
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