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I've been doing a lot of research and reading on how to better myself with typography and one issue I would like to improve is pairing fonts. However, all the articles I have read discuss that fonts have a personality but I do not know how or what is used to determine the personality. So my questions are as followed:

  • Is the personality subjective and individual interpretation based?
  • what key elements of a font are considered when indicating the personality?
  • Is there a tool available?
  • Does a font's personalty change for each style or is there a common base?
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6  
Buy it drinks. Spend some time with it. Don't just use your fonts, get to know them. that's what a gentleman would do. –  Scott Nov 13 '13 at 19:51
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Is there a suggestive limit on this courting and is it bad to seek other alternatives in the process? –  Matt Nov 13 '13 at 19:58
    
No. If there's a personality conflict cut your losses and move on :) Font's don't change. If they are abusive in a situation, they will always be abusive. –  Scott Nov 13 '13 at 19:59
4  
"Personality" is a weak metaphor in my mind. A better would be "texture." Some fonts are shag carpet, others are concrete. –  horatio Nov 13 '13 at 20:08
    
Dang I saw the question and was going to say get it drunk. Seems I'm about 4 months too late. Good work @Scott –  Ryan Feb 21 at 2:00

2 Answers 2

Tricky.

I agree with @Horatio that "texture" is a better word than "personality".

First, I would say that the same font as a heading and as main text actually gives a different "feel": a font changes personality depending on mass and size. In a way; a personality depends on how it is used.

This is in part because good fonts are designed in different sizes: a 40pt is not just an enlarged 12pt; a 12pt is not just a shrunken 40pt. You will see the result of this in large versions around any city: you see a sign, billboard, car decal, and something "feels wrong". Often, it is because someone simply enlarged a font size not designed for it (usually serif-fonts). Try making a large banner by simply scaling up Times New Roman. It will look horrid.

Another point there, slightly tangential: the same goes for italic. There is a massive difference in an italic font and an italised one. The first case, the italic is designed separately. In the second, some awful machinery has simply tilted a regular. Oh, the horror!

Time and place

As I mentioned in a comment above, some fonts are from distinctive time periods and geographic location. Some fonts, that we see as classics today, and as measuring sticks for what a good font should be, was often dictated by the process of printing and the materials available. I think this is an important point. They where practical. They did what was most efficient, and pushed style and taste when external, technological achievments made it possible.

As paper, pigment and printing technology developed, so the letters became lighter, sharper and could have lighter hair-lines. Hence, we go from blackletter to serifs to lighter serifs, to sans-serifs:

Gutenberg bible, blackletter:

enter image description here

Garamond:

enter image description here Printing in the olden days was typset. So the letters were reliefs in lead. The letter is pressed onto the paper. For bad quality paper you need a good splash of ink on the letter, so therefore the shapes of the letters were designed to aid drying and non-dripping. Hence "old-school" serifs: they have "wells" in the letter, i.e. soft, rounded serifs, not to much difference between strokes etc. to avoid smudging and "pooling" of ink.

Geographically, the development of sharper faces goes hand in hand with where the greatest efforts on print technology development. Italy, France for example, was early with Didot-like letters.

Well. Maybe that was more than enough history...

So what font to choose..?

enter image description here

Is the personality subjective and individual interpretation based?

I would say, not entirely. Differences can be very subtle, but Times and Times New Roman will forever be "newspaper fonts". Some, as mentioned, have a connection to a time or place, of if they have been used a lot for certain things or by, say, a book publisher, The New Yorker or somesuch.

I can forgive the producers of the TVseries Firefly and film Serenity for everyting, except that they used Papyrus.

what key elements of a font are considered when indicating the personality? enter image description here

  • The weight of the stem, stroke and hairline, and maybe most of all: what direction the stress goes.
  • The amount of "swooosh" on the tails, terminals and serifs, if any.
  • In the case of sans-serifs, keep an eye on K, R, A, G.
  • Length of acender and decenders.
  • Roundness of bowls and o, c, d, b etc

I hate to simplify this, it is a subject that needs much more times and space, but serif theory is roughly:

  • The more equal stem, stroke and hairline + roundness = friendly, soft, gentle, good legibility
  • more vertical the stress, the sharper hairlines = formal, classical elegance (you will find this in hip & cool interior magazines and such)

Is there a tool available?

Yes, there are a few - I might have to come back with an updated edit, if I can find the ones I used to use... :-S

Does a font's personalty change for each style or is there a common base?

If you mean size, italic etc, then yes, see above.

You could say "go with what appeals to you", but that is a little glib. I will not say there really are rules, but there are hooks to hang things on. I often find those rule-of-thumbs in typography books a little too simplified, daft and lacking in subtlery. What is the best training, though, is to see. Actually look at typography that surrounds you (but beware, the more type-alert you become, the more annoying it is :-D)

To quote Massimo Vignelli:

I don't think that type should be expressive at all. I can write the word 'dog' with any typeface and it doesn't have to look like a dog. But there are people that [think that] when they write 'dog' it should bark.

So. Content. In the image above, you can see Hoefler Text, designed by Hoefler and Frere-Jones. So clearly a new one, but so well within solid tradition. Hence, you can break out from under the shadow of Times New Roman, and still set classic text.

Further reading:

Just a little silliness:

I am not really sure if I answered your question, but for a laugh; here is a quiz: Which one is Times, and which one is Times New Roman? enter image description here

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1  
Excellent answer but +1 specifically for "I can forgive the producers of the TVseries Firefly and film Serenity for everyting, except that they used Papyrus." :D –  DA01 Dec 12 '13 at 0:51
    
:-D thanks @DA01 fonts that hurts my eyes: papyrus, comic sans, old english –  Benteh Dec 12 '13 at 0:53
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let's not forget that James Cameron was also guilty of this crime with his subtitles in Avatar. What's with leaders in science fiction tv/film assuming that future life in space will still be attached to Papyrus? shudder –  DA01 Dec 12 '13 at 0:58
1  
Filmmakers go overboard with custom made sound, music, mis-an-scene, costumes, nifty engineering, thx. And leave the use of type to their five-year-olds? –  Benteh Dec 12 '13 at 1:01

Is the personality subjective and individual interpretation based?

Yes

what key elements of a font are considered when indicating the personality?

It depends, since it is subjective and individual interpretation based.

Is there a tool available?

Your opinion, mainly.

Does a font's personalty change for each style or is there a common base?

It depends, since it is subjective and individual interpretation based.

Point being that 'personality' of a font is just an abstract and likely personally arbitrary way of describing it.

Pairing typefaces is also heavily dependent on the greater context...namely what is it that the typefaces are being used for.

So, while Scott was joking, of course, it's also about as accurate of an answer as we can get. Spend some time with them, and come up with your own personality test for your typefaces.

But also note that in the end, it's not just going to be about personality. There's also the more objective aspects of pairing faces such as contrast, weight, metrics, etc.

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I agree for the most part with DA01, here. One thing I could mention though: and this is dependent on how font-geeky you want to get. But some fonts are from distinctive time periods and are (relatively) easily identified. I once picked up a book telling a story from London, but the font was a font that came some hundred years later. Maybe few will notice; but depending on context; sometimes a historic perspective can enhance and help the choices you make. I once had a good tool for pairing fonts; I will go and see if I can find it again... –  Benteh Nov 22 '13 at 1:31

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