Resumes are a very specific type of document. A resume isn't there to give the recruiter/hiring manager an idea of your design abilities or creativity; it's there to give them a summary of your experience (work, education, and relevant outside activities).
That's why resume's are in short bullet-list form broken down by chronology and/or expertise rather than containing paragraphs of text that would better express the applicant's personality/character or creativity.
Most creative job postings also require that the applicant submit a portfolio. This is where your creativity and technical competence is going to be measured. And that's where you can show off innovative and technically impressive projects.
There probably are recruiters out there that might look favorably on an infographic-style resume, but most probably won't. And it's not because they're a "stern" suit who doesn't appreciate your initiative. It's because infographics make poor resumes. It would be the same as if a job posting specifically asks for a "resume and portfolio" but instead you submit a resume and a letter of recommendation. Sure, it could be a very glowing recommendation, and you can call it "initiative", but they still need a portfolio in order to evaluate your abilities.
It's also kind of a cheap shot. Most people know a resume isn't a portfolio, and they respect the instructions given by recruiters. You're taking advantage of their respect for the hiring process to make yourself appear more "creative" than the other applicants. Though, the type of recruiter who'd fall for this instead of just looking at portfolio quality probably isn't representing the best employer.
IMO, the honest and most effective way to impress employers is to optimize each piece of your application for its intended purpose. Put together a breathtaking portfolio of your most professional work, and include a resume that's as easy as possible for the recruiter to consume.
I mean, resumes have evolved over time into a particular format for a reason. This is the form that recruiters who have to wade through stacks and stacks of them to select the right applicant have found to be the most efficient for the task. If you really think you can improve on them in that respect, then by all means do it. But improve on their usability rather than just changing things for the sake of being different and to show off how quirky or edgy you are.
If you want to stand out, you can always go the extra mile and have your resume printed on high quality stationery or include something extra in your application, e.g. make that infographic but include it in addition to your resume rather than in place of it.