I know this sounds a stupid question, black is black right?
It's black right? so why are the CMYK Values so far away from black?
Not really. It all depends on colour model used, ambient light, substrate, and perception. Black is, by definition, no light hitting our eyes. This is very difficult to accomplish. :)
CMYK is a Subtractive Colour Model. It is used in printing because the mixing of the different pigments of ink subtract (absorb) different wavelengths of light.
RGB is an Additive Colour Model. Different wavelengths of light are emitted by whatever technology used by your monitor (nowadays, usually LCD crystals filtering an LED backlight). Technically, it's not additive because the colours do not overlap, but the pixels are small enough that optical mixing causes us to perceive different colours on the screen.
Theoretically, a mixture of pure Cyan, Magenta and Yellow would produce black on the paper, but an actual Black ink is added, basically for two reasons. Firstly, there are always impurities in the CMY colours and the substrate (paper) such that the mixture would be muddy (brownish) and inconsistent. Secondly, 100% of the three inks would be a lot of ink, and cause problems drying/covering in most printing processes.
So, your question boils down to: Why doesn't Photoshop just use 100% Black ink (K) when it converts from RGB values to CMYK values?
Even 0,0,0 RGB on your monitor isn't a "pure" black. In a dark room, you will see that your monitor still glows perceptibly. Likewise, in printing, even 100% Black doesn't absorb all the light hitting the page. So, if we want something to look "really black" we add a bit of Cyan/Magenta/Yellow ink to cover the page more and absorb even more light. In printing we call this Rich Black.
Depending on what colour profile you're using in Photoshop, it takes this into account, and converts the blackest thing it can show on screen to a "richer" printed black. The values of CMYK used are judged to be (by the profile) the most ink that can be used, without causing printing problems, that still looks black.
CMYK (Cyan Magenta Yellow and Key black) = colors that can be printed
Both work with a different color space. In your case that's the closest equivalent color.
Pure CMYK black doesn't exist, it's just not printable. Those are the closest values to black you can physically print (using CMYK). RGB on the other hand is intended for Web, and computers have no problem displaying pure black.
Apologies for my unclear answer. I took an apprenticeship at a print shop one summer, and that is simply what I was taught. I was unaware that there were different "levels" of 100%K.
Even I have learned from this question now! I apologize for any confusion I may have caused.
Photoshop handles the RGB ⇒ CMYK conversion according to the colour profiles you've set.
What Photoshop suggests for you here is a variation of rich black. As the name implies, rich black looks richer when printed since it produces more layers of ink instead of just one layer of black (K) ink.
You can tune the conversion in Edit → Convert to profile → Custom CMYK...
CMYK settings should of course be set according to your media and printer (or print house).
See also How do I make screenshots look good when printed in CMYK? and my answer, which also links to a printernational.org article on the subject.