New answers tagged background
There are some photoshop actions and filter to get this effect. Maybe you can try this, but not free. LINK
As Troodi mentions, that particular style is emulating etching. Specifically cross-hatch patterns to create shading. The most common place this is seen is in the portraits on US currency. There are filters for PhotoShop that can emulate this to an extent. However, my guess is that if that was indeed done in Illustrator, it's emulating it via patterns of ...
I've remember seeing something like this as a photos-effect filter in Photoshop, but it was a premium one and am unable to find it now. There is an iPad app called "Etchings" which is close, but may not have the controls you'll need to recreate the textures shown in your example.
I'd personally try to fill in the white space with the pattern from the dark blue background. You could try to reproduce the pattern itself, but an easy way to come close is just to take one vertical column of pixels on either edge of the blue and stretch it (or duplicate it multiple times) until it fills in all of the white space, like so:
As I suggested in the comments, I think your best option is to extend the text when the image is narrower. Something along the lines of:
The short answer is you can't. It doesn't work that way, because the anti-aliasing pixels are already a mix of your flat color and white. Even a fuzzy selection tool like Select > Color Range will create a partial selection of the already-modified colors. You have two basic ways to accomplish the end product you're going for. Either works for any solid ...
I think the best way to do this is to use one of the channels as a selection. If you have a purely green circle on a white BG, make the red or blue channel from the channel window your selection (ctrl+click), inverse the selection and fill it with the color of the shape. The aliased edges should work as varying levels of transparency for whatever color you ...
If you export the shape as a PNG over a transparent background. The anti-aliased edges of the shape will be slightly transparent and will take on the hue of whatever background you put it on.
from the menu, select View / Show Transparency Grid or hit Cmd+shift+D
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