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27

Any font has built-in spacing determined by the "side bearing" of each character. In metal type, the side bearing is the physical right or left edge of the individual piece of type that determines its spacing from the characters on either side. Digital fonts mimic this in the basic design process. "To kern" means to adjust the spacing between a pair of ...


21

From the Wikipedia article on letter spacing: In typography, letter-spacing, also called tracking, refers to the amount of space between a group of letters to affect density in a line or block of text. Letter-spacing can be confused with kerning. Letter-spacing refers to the overall spacing of a word or block of text affecting its overall density ...


14

It is called Vignetting, which, as you described: […] is a reduction of an image's brightness or saturation at the periphery compared to the image center. It can appear as Mechanical (filters used in a shoot, improper lens hood, etc) Optical (lens) Natural (illumination falloff) Pixel (digital sensor's alignment to the scene) Photographic film (the ...


14

After some digging, I found it is called a catchword. Read more about it here: http://english.stackexchange.com/questions/65963/in-old-books-why-is-the-first-word-of-the-next-page-printed-at-the-bottom-of-th I always assumed this was to improve readability, as the reader could continue more seamlessly onto the following page, but it turns out it was also ...


12

It's important to know that Minimalism is a thought process instead of an end look. If you design with the goal is make it more "minimalist," chances are you're doing it wrong. The thought process involves creating elements that are absolutely necessary without adding anymore value-less clutter. One of my favorite quotes: “Perfection is achieved, not ...


10

They're almost interchangeable - it's more a difference of emphasis than a hard difference in meaning. If you talk about the typeface, your focus is on the end result, the appearance and aesthetics in this particular case. If you talk about the font, your focus is more on the product, the item that can be bought or downloaded. Here's an analogy I adapted ...


10

What is it A "visual library" would be a collection of photos, painting, graphics, patterns, artwork and colors that could be kept in your head, in print, or digitally. Working on it You can work on it by viewing and studying as many photos, graphics, patterns, artwork and colors as you are able. And I mean, really study them. Think about why someone ...


8

I don't think your understanding is incorrect you're just seeing systems that try to help the user by pasting what it thinks they want. Since some ligatures ('fi', 'fl') are fairly common outside of typesetting systems, software recognizes that the user probably didn't enter that glyph, rather another app transformed their typed characters. In short: ...


8

It's called a Halftone From Wikipedia: Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size, in shape or in spacing. "Halftone" can also be used to refer specifically to the image that is produced by this process. It is used to produce the appearance of continuous tone images in ...


8

If you ask someone in the publishing world what they are called they will point you to what's called a "Chapter Ornament" or a "Book Ornament". If you want to get further technical on the design process, book designers will refer to them if they are at the beginning of a chapter as a "Chapter Heading Ornament" or at the end of the chapter as a "End of ...


7

Info-graphics , Informative Graphics and Visualizations: Are they the same term ? I'd say: Yes, "Info-graphics" is just a shorthand for "Informative Graphics", and No, "Visualizations" is a more general term than "info-graphics." I.e., a visualization does not need to be an info-graphic, whereas an info-graphics is a visualization.


7

So, my question is: Does the difference between a 'font' and a 'typeface' subside in the language? Or are font and typeface now used interchangeably even by pros? Well, the two are still different. The simplest possible way of describing the difference is thus: You use a font to generate letters in a given typeface. By "font" we usually now mean a ...


7

In the field of computing, 'icon' is certainly the most popular term for it. I believe it has been used in this field since the early 1980s when the first mouse-controlled graphical user interfaces emerged (Xerox, Apple) Outside the digital world, these simplified and standardized graphics have been called pictograms / pictographs since long before this ...


6

The difference is really seen in line breaks, capabilities, and edit ability. Text wraps are self aware. They see the object being wrapped and adjust when that object changes. Increase the dimensions of a wrapped object and the text reflows to work around new dimensions. Most apps also provide a method to adjust the offset of wrapped text. So you can ...


6

I refer to them as artifacts. The term is general for lots of different types of distortion, but the kind of stray pixels you are talking about could be the result of a number of causes, so for a more specific term you'd need a more specific situation.


6

I'd generally call this kind of graphics typographic artwork or, from the times when these advertising graphics and commercial signage were drawn by hand, lettering artwork. This is especially true for the second example (blue). The first one maybe not so much. See also: letter art. There is also a different genre of graphics called 'typographic art'.


6

Just changing the size to make the width the same but the height different is simply called "typesetting". Making sure that multiple lines (read: a paragraph) fit left-aligned, right-aligned, center-aligned, or block-aligned is called "justification". But since some of your lines only contain a single word, the terms you are probably looking for here are ...


5

Depending on the context and who you're talking to, this is referred to as "keying" (also referred to as Chroma Key), "matting" (mostly video), "masking" (you'll come across "clipping mask" as a term which is interchangeable with "mask" in most cases) or extraction. These are all names for the same general technique, which is the basis of Compositing.


5

They both fall under the Swiss Style of Graphic Design History of Visual Communications from Citrinitas Lessons from Swiss Style Graphic Design from Smashing Mag Swiss / International Style Lecture Slides from Parkland College


4

As farray said, its halftone pattern, there are many ways of creating the same, You can see this guide for halftone pattern(this is quite hard and long) but you can also create this using Photoshop filters within minutes, i have posted a SS to make it clear to you, (open in new window for clarity) you can use this before your image just put this layer ...


4

The discussion on the FL&U meta shows the community strongly rejects the obvious symbols and has affinity for the antique, so if you were my client I'd probably lean in the direction of the late-19th Century lithograph look, like the one you show. There are great Lautrec lithographs that could provide inspiration, but it's that hand-drawn, quirky ...


4

It's an inner text wrap. "Inner Text Wrap" as Opposed to "Outer Text Wrap". Outer text wraps are far more common, but they are both text wraps. The actual shape being wrapped doesn't have a specific name as far as I'm aware. "Container" is sometimes used for an inner text wrap, but I don't believe that's in any way standard terminology.


4

There is no "industry standard" term for these. You could call them "containers" or "shape primitives" or "shape frames" -- anything that's descriptive will do for your hypothetical company, because it will be an in-house term that everyone will quickly become familiar with. You could even call them "balloons," since at least some of them are balloon shaped. ...


4

Whether you go the LLC route or not, you're essentially a sole-proprietor / consultant / freelancer. For that model, I'd stay away from titles and just tell people what you do. Design, Development, Photography and Writing It's not short or catchy but you'll be able to explain yourself less and sell more. Think of the order of the words as the priority of ...


4

I think there are no situations where the terms are simply synonyms for each other. It is a complicated matter indeed. Here are simplified definitions: Public Domain: no restrictions, no copyright claim (not possible in some countries). Creative Commons: work may be used but in compliance with the stated restrictions. Royalty Free: you buy a license once ...


4

The line length is referred to as the "measure." The above sample of different words on different lines are set "flush." They may also be referred to as being set optically aligned flush. Flush-left describes the alignment of the left edge of the type block. Flush-right for the right edge alignment. Irregular line lengths can be centred over one another, ...


3

Ideally you're hiring designers that are skilled at presenting their work to you. A skilled designer will take into consideration the project requirements and present designs that accommodate said requirements. MOST (thought not all) logo designs typically will require the use of one-color versions and, at least at the early stages, most logo designs are ...


3

In a situation like this, there's no harm at all in asking for clarification. As you and Scott already noted, "Scaling" can apply to several different design situations -- scaling vector artwork, building large-format artwork in a smaller-scale/higher-resolution (common in grande format and billboard work), resizing images and working to scale as in maps and ...


3

Text wrap, strictly speaking, is "controlled" by the object being wrapped around. In Illustrator or InDesign text wrap is a property of an object, such as an image, that is honored by text objects when they hit its wrap border. If you move the image or the text object, the text automatically adjusts, under the control of the wrapped object. Constrained text ...


3

I found this showcase from Smashing Magazine to be very informative: http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2010/05/13/principles-of-minimalist-web-design-with-examples/



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