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85

They do. The thing is, you probably don't realise, because upper case numbers have been all you've been using or seeing. There is a distinction between 'default' numbers and 'oldstyle' numbers. The default numbers we all know are the actual capitals, with the 'oldstyle' numbers (sometimes incorrectly called 'proportional numbers') are lowercase. Fonts tend ...


45

Great question! A good place to start is the faceted search tool on Typekit, which gives options for the main types of typeface and the main dimensions they can be measured against: So you could look for Typekit options that seem to match, and try them out. As you choose descriptions you can instantly see the sort of fonts that come up, so you can tell ...


43

Any font has built-in spacing determined by the "side bearing" of each character. In metal type, the side bearing is the physical right or left edge of the individual piece of type that determines its spacing from the characters on either side. Digital fonts mimic this in the basic design process. "To kern" means to adjust the spacing between a pair of ...


32

Yup, these are legitimate things and they have names. "Visual alignment", or, "Optical alignment" This is the general principle - you're aligning by eye by what visually looks right, rather than by rule. It's used not just in typography but anywhere visual consistency is important, for example in designing icon sets - making icons with curves look neat ...


30

Just some extra pointers to try to break from bad habits, since I think the previous answers are pretty thorough. Position the Paper Comfortably Pay attention to the position of the paper and modify it until you find the most comfortable position for you. Keeping the paper straight in front of you will force your wrist to strain and contort in order to be ...


29

If you look at many fonts you'll notice that the curvature of the letter 's' pierces the perfect alignment of the baseline and of many other small letters. And as a general rule round shapes tend to do this - pierce the baseline of straight edges. I had an article about this phenomenon, and why it happens, somewhere in my bookmarks but the link evades me at ...


28

From the Wikipedia article on letter spacing: In typography, letter-spacing, also called tracking, refers to the amount of space between a group of letters to affect density in a line or block of text. Letter-spacing can be confused with kerning. Letter-spacing refers to the overall spacing of a word or block of text affecting its overall density ...


27

Smashing Magazine has a really good article on combining typefaces: Try matching a Sans-Serif title type with a Serif body type Avoid similar classifications (don't use 2 slab typefaces or 2 condensed typefaces) Assign distinct roles to each typeface/font Contrast font weights Create a variety of typographic colors Don't mix moods Contrast distinct with ...


27

While upper case numbers do exist, as is shown in vincents answer. They did not originally exist at all. Remember our numbers are copied from the muslim scientists, who wrote in Arabic. Arabic is unicase, that is all letters are same case. So the notion of big and small numbers is a later development. Since the original system had no case so did the adopted ...


24

Technical documents will have a deeply nested, hierarchical structure, and also make use of footnotes, different types of emphasis, cross-referencing, pull outs and side bars of one sort of another and captions. The main distinguishing feature of technical documents tends to be complex structure. For headings, you can use any reasonably legible font; this ...


24

Fillerati Fillerama Gangsta Lorem Ipsum F*ck Lorem Ipsum Bacon Ipsum HTML Ipsum Loripsum.net LittleIpsum for OS X Professional Lorem Ipsum Generator Veggie Ipsum Hipster Ipsum Journo Ipsum Tuna Ipsum Samuel L Ipsum Charlie Sheen Lorem Ipsum The Web 2.0 Lorem Ipsum Generator Beer Ipsum Lorempixum Malevole GAG Ipsum Space Ipsum Cupcake Ipsum Zombie Ipsum ...


23

Very rarely. Any time you claim to be a professional X, you're staking your reputation on a claim to have specific, comprehensive expertise in that profession. With typography, some graphic designers can justify such a claim, but most can't stretch that far. "Typographer" implies professional expert. Most good designers are adept at typography, and many ...


22

Two spaces after a period at the end of a sentence started when the typewriter replaced hand set printing presses. When type was set by hand the spacing was carefully crafted to make sentences and paragraphs easier to read. Typewriters use a monospace font that make it hard to distinguish the end of a sentence without adding the extra space. Modern fonts ...


22

The science of readability is by no means new, and some of the best research comes from advertising works in the early 80s. This information is still relevant today. First up is this quote from a paper titled “Improving the legibility of visual display units through contrast reversal”. In present time we think of contrast reversal meaning black-on-white, ...


22

The older convention was that the style of punctuation matched the immediately preceding context: That's the Chicago Manual of Style (3rd edition, 1911), but the same convention can be seen in a French equivalent: Désiré Greffier, Les règles de la composition typographique (Paris: A. Muller, 1897), pp. 54-55. And it's not only an older convention, as the ...


21

Of the original "web-safe" (that is, as close to universal as you'll get on the Web) sans-serifs (Arial, Impact, Tahoma, Trebuchet MS, Verdana), Verdana tends to get the most love. It's well-designed and is designed to be readable on the screen. It was designed by Matthew Carter, a respected typeface designer, and the design itself is pretty original, so it ...


21

My advice as a parent Kids of that age don't read books, they look at books and enjoy the images, colors and stuff. Other people read those book to kids under the following conditions: Bad light (because it's bed time) The head of the kid in between the book and the reader A never steady book, because the kids like to help holding it As a result, use a ...


21

While I agree with a lot of what has been said, I disagree with one of the fundamental ideas everyone else seems to have--there are certain characteristics and treatments that makes something feel luxury and wealthy. I'm not sure I know them all, in fact I'm sure I don't, but here's what I've been able to identify since posting this question and really ...


20

Serif Vs Sans Serif (a picture speaks a thousand words) Read @Calvin's answer for explanation.


19

There are several reasons why you might end up kerning type. Well-made and carefully designed typefaces include a kerning table that provides applications with instructions on how to adjust space between letters when they are displayed in text. Unfortunately, there is no way to account for every single letter relationship at every single possible size. ...


19

This is called ligature. There is some useful background knowledge on Wikipedia In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph. Many ligatures combine f with an adjacent letter. The most prominent example is fi (or f‌i, rendered with two normal letters). The tittle of the i in ...


18

Technical documents are often set in sans-serif. There are a couple of reasons why this is preferred over its serif counterpart: Serif typefaces are usually designed to be as transparent to the reader as possible. In a novel, reading should be a fluid activity, and the typeface must not call attention to itself. Technical documents are often filled with ...


18

I instantly recommend you to look at the website Typography for Lawyers ( http://www.typographyforlawyers.com/ ) - in particular the font recommendations http://www.typographyforlawyers.com/?p=587 )


18

While this is primarily a list of sites, know that browsing a website is not the only way to look for typefaces. Some type foundries still publish specimen catalogs, and some now have mobile apps and Adobe plugins. Many will also have e-mail newsletters to update on new things. Myfonts.com Fontfont.com Typophile.com Letterheadfonts.com Linotype.com ...


17

The main thing I keep in mind when pairing fonts is this: Is the second font saying something different? The answer will not necessarily determine whether you should or shouldn't pair the fonts, but it's very important. often adding another font to the design adds nothing other than unneeded complexity and busyness. It's also important that the font you're ...


17

They're almost interchangeable - but there's a difference of emphasis that can be useful. If you talk about the typeface, your focus is on the end result, some type's appearance and aesthetics in use. It might have come from a font, or it might not: hand-painted signs, graffiti art, comic lettering, calligraphy, logos etc can all have distinctive typefaces ...


17

Why justify Justification can make an important contribution to extended reading: Taming the visual 'noise' in a page of text. Nick Shinn made a particularly keen observation in this regard on Typophile: Justification avoids the "interference" of having shapes and coinicidences occur at the right column edge, which can be a distraction, as the ...


17

Regardless of @Scott's answer about the etiquette of avoiding ampersands in body text alltogther, there is a typographic recommendation to place connector words like "and" or "or" at the end of the line, not at the beginning of the new line. This helps to better connect the previous line to the next. THIS IS A LONG HEADLINE AND CONTINUES ON LINE TWO is ...


17

Stiff, P. (1996). The end of the line: a survey of unjustified typography. Information Design Journal, 8(2), 125–152. No empirical data, but a good overview. Science would tell us that inconsistent word-spacing as a result of justification may inhibit saccadic eye movement by creating irregular “jumps” for the eye to make. I have not read a study that ...


17

Look at the red below: We do have some good questions on this such as: Difference between kerning vs letter spacing? What is kerning and what is the point of it? The way I would come up with the kerning in this example is to use the given tracking. Example of this here: Do note that the kerning is subjective in nature and is typically ones ...



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