Most applications like this (especially for logos) will be custom drawn and not a ready-made font, although I've seen a lot more fonts like this in recent years. So if your aim is creating a logo I would highly recommend not using a font like this but starting with a nice solid font and modifying the shapes yourself.
As for classification and search terms... very broadly, they are display and sans-serif faces. Other than that there isn't really any set classification so you probably just want to search for descriptive terms. So a search for e.g...
Futuristic sans-serif display fonts
returns a lot of similar fonts. Two of the top results were: