Modern monitors use RGB to reproduce colors. The [RGB colorspace, however, is not the full range of colors, and only occupies a triangle in the "full" chromaticity diagram]. What colors are monitors showing outside of that triangle then?
It is impossible for the monitor to show things outside your color range. So you either show the closest color in your range or something else.
If you draw a graph then the colors you draw on the graph can be scaled to your space. You still dont see those colors on the monitor offcourse, that would be impossible. So the colors you see in the graph represent the idea of the colors, but not the colors themselves.
Now a smart person would think is this is easy to do a monitor that shows them all. Just choose a triangle that is bigger than the entire human visual space. But alas that is not possible. The round outer edge of of the graph represents the limits of physics there is nothing outside it.
PS: Some of the colors at the edge of the crhroma graph are possible to make in ordinary kitchen physics, and are really cool. Unfortunately you can only sustain the reaction for a split second.
None. What can be making you confuse is that RGB color spaces are defined by three chromaticities of the red, green, and blue additive primaries, and can produce any chromaticity that is the triangle defined by those primary colors. So, given enough color spaces I suppose you can cover the entirety of CIE XYZ. And so different monitors cover different RGB color spaces depending on their fundamental pixels natural chromaticities
There is nothing like "the RGB color space" there exist a bunch of RGB color spaces:
So how I know what are the color that map out of this triangle in a specific monitor?
You must know the
native color space of this particular monitor, witch shows all colors that can be seen in this particular monitor, finaly making difference of those 2 spaces (your monitor color space and CIE_1931) you will know what colors your monitor can show that are not in CIE_1931.
CIE_XYZ, the entire chromaticity diagram are just visual conceptions, the colors help understand toward what direction the maximum chromaticity colors for red, gren or blue go, they are not real, like a map is not showing really the country itself or the planet that is a sphere. A color space for example is
Also be aware that color spaces are mathematical entities, they don't exist in real world and honestly monitors don't really cover them absolutely, as they are uncountable set. This generate many other problems like precision, absolute black and absolute white, etc...
Just as an addendum, as pointed by
joolaa, the chromaticity diagram is an intensity slice, if it was not clear CIE_XYZ is not a RGB color space,it is a
tristimulus color space, z in this case represents color luminance, and here we can enter in more one subject that are
color models that limited by precise definitions form a
color space, there exist many forms to represent colors with math (HSV, HSL, HSY', RGB, etc...) it is not limited to 3 values also (CMYK, etc).