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Last year, I approached a graphic design company with some of my own sketches and photos that I would like to be used in the design of some logos for my company branding. The designer uses my original sketches and then pitches some options back to me, from which I then select a design.

After I select the design, I pay the designer for executing the design, the printing of menus and flyers, and the design and maintenance of a website.

My question is: who is entitled to this intellectual property? Am I entitled to use this logo on my own accord?

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The answer to this question is: What does your contract say. If your contract says nothing about copyright transfer then they own the copyright. See the thing is, the person who made the file owns the copyright of the file. Does not really matter what happened before.

What about the copyright of the things you did before. Well you own the copyright. But you see you gave the graphic designers a implied right to use them for this purpose*. So they are clear.

Next time negotiate your wishes into the contract that's what they are for. Contracts are both sides writing down how they expect things to work for future reference***.


NOTES:

* Even if you didn't give a implied right, by stipulating so in contract (sic), does not mean you own the copyright. Just because somebody violates your rights does not mean that you now get to own their output**. Just that now you can sue them for violation of copyright. Which may or may not mean anything in a court of law, this depends on jurisdiction. In my locale you'd almost certainly lose.

** Even if Youtube seems to work like this. What youtube does is not strictly speaking legal anywhere.

*** Note everybody always remembers the contract wrong afterwards.

This is one of the reasons that copyright usually transfers from salaried worker to company so that it does not need to be negotiated for each worker separately. This way media outlets are possible to make. This does not transfer to frelancers or contractors though.

  • It took me a long time to understand that copyright is born once created. But does not project itself to new creations, it either is there at creation or not. So if you for some reason transfer the concept into a uncopyrightable medium then that thing never had copyright in first place. So copyright does not copy, you gain the copyright on grounds that you created the new one, or had the new one created in way that you control.
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  1. You are the client and your designer is the designer. Without the designer you would not have a logo, but just an idea.
  2. You, as a client, are free to come up with suggestions to make it easier for the designer to help you with the work.
  3. Lastly, make sure the designer signs a paper in return for the payment and the paper clearly says client owns the copyright. This step should be agreed on from stage one to avoid confusion as you move through the job.
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I differ in two respects from your previous answers:

  1. Consult a lawyer, in your locale, who knows your area's laws: do this immediately.
  2. Logo / Corporate Identity design is explicitly different from all other kinds of design in that even absent words like "work for hire" or explicit language around transfer of Intellectual Property rights from designer to client, the client's reasonable expectation should be that they have paid for, and will therefore receive, a LOGO for their firm, corporate identity elements and packages for their firm, for which they have paid, and which they are then free to use as they see fit. In typical practise, ANY Corp ID or logo work has in the implicit transfer of all IP rights from designer to client included in the price, and in some areas, an effort on the deisgner's part to separately charge the client for IP rights transfer may be actionable in court as fraudulent - hence ordered list item 1.
  3. Last, remember that the client can always aide in design as they see fit, but that's at their inevitable loss - they pay for professional design services, and should receive that at the highest, lowest and middle levels, from concept through market position, from composition and space use through technicalities of lineweights, fonts, perceptual colour precedence in space and all other applicable areas of our discipline.

A client who is over-involved in the design process can lose out on any of a host of advantages they've paid for, without their even even knowing they've shortcut the process and lost advantage - and the design flow process with a client driving too strongly can get badly distorted, producing at-best mediocre results - often then resulting in both an unhappy client and an unhappy designer at the end of the process - this is why this list is so broadly circulated:

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  • 1
    Logo is different if its the company logo. if its just a header for a campign thats different. – joojaa Mar 19 at 18:01
  • @joojaa - depending upon locale, specific jurisdiction and so on - hence item 1: consult a lawyer! ;) – GerardFalla Mar 19 at 18:03
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    Even in that case it must have been argreed to by you and the designer that this is indeed the company branding, not some title for a commercial. You cant just unilaterally decide that oh by the way i own all rights because this is now my company logo. The designer needs to know that this is the intent beforehand. Therefore it would be outlined in the contract. Its more likely a problem for the company if they didn't clear their logo beforehand than vice versa. So you would be charged for appropriately. – joojaa Mar 19 at 18:28
  • @joojaa of course it should be in the contract. From AIGA: Obviously, for some types of work it is appropriate for the client own your entire copyright, for example, corporate identity packages, logos, websites or any other works that are intended to have an ongoing, exclusive marketing presence for your client. It would not be appropriate for you to re-license that kind of work to another client. In such situations, you should ensure that you have the continuing right to display and reproduce the work in your print and online portfolios; otherwise, you no longer need to worry about copyright. – GerardFalla Mar 19 at 19:55
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    Yes i know this but this does not make you legaly entitled to the logo unless you specified that this was your intention first place. Designers cant be mindreaders if you didn't actually specify your intention than they can not know this. Offcourse anuy sane designer would release the corporate identity after charging apropriately. But sometimes clients dont ask what they want. Ive seen people buying a exciting look and feel for a flyer and later decide this was their logo. – joojaa Mar 19 at 20:22

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