Is there any I can isolate and edit the layers to understand the steps are taken to create an AI document? For example, here's a screenshot of a basketball element AI from web and addition information in the layers panel. But I can only see it but can't edit it.
Not quite sure I understand, are you wanting to edit in the Layers panel?
Artwork which has been expanded in Illustrator loses all it's "construction method" information. The art becomes standard vector filled shapes or stroked paths. And, in your sample image, clipping masks (which are really unnecessary for that artwork).
It can't be forensically analyzed really. The best you can do it take educated guesses at how something may have been constructed.