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I'm looking to read a textbook or a work about graphic design or typography that is considered to be essential or the best for its field, and in particular, I would like one that is somewhat old and has stood the test of time. It could be either technicalities of design or philosophy of design or something else, but it needs to teach concepts that can be applied timelessly; If the book covers the ins and outs of Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator and how to use the software, that isn't helpful to me. I would like a book that teaches a way of thinking that can be applied no matter what the software or hardware used, as a good designer needs only their mind to produce a piece of art.
An example of what I'm looking for is a book from the field of programming: SICP. This is an ideal example as it has withstood decades of use and is still relevant today because it teaches concepts rather than the nitty-gritty details of the language used.
This is not a subjective question, I am asking for a specific type of book and not your favourite book. Any recommendations would preferably be written by a reputable graphic designer, professor, or have been used in a college course.