I've got a font, which doesn't have polish diacritic chars which I need. I'm trying to construct them, by merging two glyphs - a letter and ogonek or acute accent, which are provided by my font.

I can insert any of them separately, and I can make any glyph to be inserted instead of any letter, but I haven't found any way of merging two glyphs together into a new one (for example aogonek from a and ogonek). Could you help me?

5 Answers 5


The fastest way to accomplish this is to use an OpenType font that includes the glyphs you need, but failing that, the next-fastest way, if you're working with CS4 or later, is with a GREP style for each of the characters you are trying to replicate.

Set up the kerning pairs and Character Styles the way Lauren describes, with this exception: a Character Style doesn't accept kerning values other than blank, Metrics, Optical and None, so you have to do this with tracking rather than kerning. (You'll probably need different tracking values for different letters.) Then, in your Paragraph Style(s), set up a new GREP style for each combination of letter+ogonek to apply the appropriate Character Style.

From then on, InDesign will automatically apply the GREP style every time you have a letter+ogonek combination in the text. You can watch it happen on the fly, as you type!

  1. Type your letter (c, for example).
  2. Type your ogonek or accent.
  3. Put the cursor between them.
  4. Kern to like -250 — you'll have to experiment depending on your font and the type size.
  5. You may also have to experiment with baseline shift to keep them from overlapping incorrectly.
  • Ok, i knew that way, but it is definitely not the most convenient solution. I would like to create a new glyph (and after that I can assign a glyph to a key), or at least insert accent and set kerning automatically. Mar 19, 2011 at 15:30
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    You can set the kerning and then make a character style out of it, so every time you type the accent you apply the "Kern -250" style. You can also do a search-and-replace for the accent character and have it apply the style automatically. Mar 20, 2011 at 15:05
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    This has to be done with tracking, rather than kerning, to allow it to be saved as a Character Style. Kerning has fixed values in the Character Style dialog that can't be overridden. May 17, 2011 at 21:45
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    Yeah, me too. And I trip myself up on this exact point once in a while! :) May 18, 2011 at 4:05
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    Please note if you do it this method and intend to export as HTML you will have several styles generated with spans and classes. The proper approach would be to find a font that supports the glyph like in Alan's answer.
    – user9447
    Jul 21, 2015 at 17:00

I came across this https://everythingfonts.com/accenter while searching for a solution to a similar problem. Seems to do a good job in automatically building the accented glyphs from the base font. The transformed font seems to include most of the accent characters needed for most European languages, don't know whether it includes the polish glyph that you are after. Anyway it is worth checking out.

  • but are the glyphs valid? One issue with InDesign is if you reference the glyph or glyph ID it can be known to produce random glyphs. If you are mentioning a tool and exporting the output and those glyphs aren't valid then the output would be convoluted
    – user9447
    Jul 21, 2015 at 16:59
  • The glyphs are valid and usable. Glyph ID , Glyph name are all seems to be updated correctly for the accented glyphs added. I can say that I had no problems referring to them in the doc and it displayed correctly.
    – dors
    Jul 21, 2015 at 17:09
  • Well, it does include ń, ś, ć, ź, and ż; but not ą, ę, and ł, which are all necessary for Polish. So it goes about halfway. (I’m guessing this is because it generates glyphs “using anchors, copying kerning info and anchors with vertical shi[f]t from base letters to accented ones”, and most fonts have no (pre)composed letters using ogoneks at all; ł is, of course, not a (pre)composed letter at all, but one that must be drawn manually.) Nov 9, 2015 at 13:24

I'd vote for Alan's answer… but I can't since my reputation is to low ;].

Anyway to not to waste this place for trivial chit-chat I'd like to suggest http://www.kahrel.plus.com/indesign/kern.html as yet another option.


I would recommend IndyFont Pro that will let you create your own opentype font from an existing font. The price is cheap and the product is tremendous and specifically designed for such typographic issues ;) http://www.indiscripts.com/category/projects/IndyFont

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