My question is very short.

Whether I should use the en dash (U+2013) or the hyphen in cases like

Anglo-Saxon England (Anglo–Saxon England) (a famous book by F. M. Stenton)


The Washington-Moscow hotline (The Washington–Moscow hotline)


  • @BillyKerr Thanks a lot. Sorry for asking this question on a wrong site. – john c. j. Dec 12 '20 at 19:57
  • I've added my comment as an answer now on the basis that it could be considered a typesetting question, so it's not blatantly off-topic. ;) – Billy Kerr Dec 12 '20 at 20:06

In English, compound adjectives like Anglo-Saxon, sun-bleached, blueish-green, or compound nouns such as bird-of-prey, mother-in-law, vice-president, etc., are always with a hyphen.

The en dash is used to replace the word "to" in things such as Washington–Moscow hotline, London–Edinburgh train, etc. It has a different meaning from a hyphen.

Obviously different languages may have different uses for hyphens and en dashes.

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