Pie Graph... insert the numbers in increasing increments. Apply the numbers.
The "wedges" will auto-size to be proportional, and all fit, within the area of the circle. Meaning, the total sum of the numbers does not need to equal 100% or 360°. Just enter your values and they should all fit. *[see caveat below]
Ungroup the graph which will break the link to the data. Then alter however is desired.
Because the link to the data needs to be broken in order to alter the individual wedges, you'll need to redo all of this if the data set requires changing.
Caveat: If one of the data points is proportionally too small it may be omitted from the graph since it wouldn't be visually detectable. In short, the data points need to be large enough to be seen.
Example of this.. here I have 8 data points, but the graph only shows 7:
The first data point is proportionally too small to be seen. If I increase the value of the first data point, then all 8 wedges will show. Merely increasing the first value by 1 makes it visible on the graph:
If you have a great many data points, starting with a low value and reaching a very high value, this may be an issue with a pie graph. If this is an issue for me, I'll (irrationally) "tweak" the smaller data point so it's visible on the graph. The data point no longer follows the rational progression of the other values, but actually seeing it can be more important in many use cases.