At https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tertiary_color#Tertiary-_and_quaternary-color_terms there's a column named "Quaternary CMY" that lists 24 hue names.
What no one seems to list however is names for values and saturations. A hue name combined with a value+saturation name gives the full HSV information and allows the color to be decoded.
https://colornamer2.netlify.com is a color namer based on this principle. In total, the "color name 1" method can generate 45 unique color names, while "color name 2" can generate 249 unique color names.
The graph of all color names generated by "color name 1" is:
I deliberately avoided using the term "light" (except for "Light Gray") as it might lead to confusion as "light green" could as well mean the Bright Green to distinguish it from "green" which sometimes means the Dark Green, or it could mean the Pale Green when thinking in HSL terms.
The graph of all color names generated by "color name 2" is:
I added the prefixes "Extra-" and "Semi-" (analogous to the font weights "Extralight", "Semilight", "Semibold", "Extrabold") to interpolate between #BLACK/Dark/Bright and Bright/Pale/#WHITE and similarly for the grays, and the remaining two are named "Faded" and "Weak" inspired by the 6×6×6 RGB colorcube naming system from http://www.visibone.com/color/poster4x.html .
(note: the number of saturations available for a specific brightness varies depending on the brightness)
Edit: Here's a saturation/value chart of colors being converted to color names and back to canonical colors, in "colorname1" and "colorname2":
Edit: Doubling the resolution of this color naming system is an interesting challenge. Someone else already named 48 hues (although the hue name "Bright Green" would be confusing as Bright is already used as a value/saturation name and Bright Green is already a named color of the system), however, there's also 26 more value/saturation combinations to name.
Edit: Here is the current list of trusted names: