The best way to learn how to create websites and applications is to actually do it, meaning you should create projects, and to do it all the time. This short video conveys the emotions of a newcomer and gives some good advice on the subject.
I also wrote some other recommendations for people interested in learning web development that you should give a read before you start.
However, just as you can't speak languages you don't know any words in, you need a good understanding of the basics before you can build a useful project. Here are some resources to pick up some some basics and sites that let you explore for yourself.
There are great places to learn the basics of web development for free. Start here, but branch off of them to play around with things they don't directly teach. After going through a few, try making other sites/projects on your own from scratch. Doing so will reinforce the concepts, teach you implementation details, and likely teach you additional things as well. You simply can't become a good developer or designer by reading only, you must create!
I made a crash course for designers learning web development
Check it out! They're tailored for a design based audience but apply to anyone learning. They teach the basics in the slides/post/video then assign a small project at the end of each to teach real-world front-end development.
Other good tutorial websites
- CodeAcademy - General knowledge basics of several languages.
- Mozilla's "Learning the Web" series - This starts at the beginning level and can guide you into some more complex topics. Great resource, I highly recommend it.
- Udacity - General web development class.
- Tuts+ - Tutorials on more specific topics.
- KhanAcademy - I haven't used it personally, but it seems to be getting better every day.
Don't use W3Schools, it is generally outdated and very error prone. Instead, use a tutorial website like the ones above to learn and use one of the documentation sites below when you're looking for something specific.
Looking at documentation for properties, libraries, and such is vital to becoming a good web developer. The following are among the best docs you can use:
- W3.org - The official documentation for most everything implemented by web browsers. Learning to read these docs is very important! This is not affiliated with W3Schools in any way.
- Mozilla Docs - A very reliable 3rd party resource from the creators of FireFox that stays up to date.
- WHATWG.org - A sort of open source competitor to W3; some browsers implement certain suggestions from here over W3 at times.
- DevDocs - Not official, but has a lot of languages docs on one site. Quite convenient.
- WebPlatformDaily - A list of news dealing with everything web updated daily (except weekends).
- SitePoint - Really useful articles on various things.
- WebDesignerDepot - Can be on the spammy side, but most of their actual articles are good.
- Smashing Magazine - More advanced topics, but mostly all good reads.
- A List Apart - A bit more advanced knowledge in blog form.
Small projects/playing with code
- JSFiddle - Make little projects and keep track of them.
- CodePen - Look at other people's code doodles and submit your own for others to see.
Full text editors
Other useful websites
Look for web developer's and designer's personal blogs that you like. They often have great, great content.
I have also written up an intro to UI design which could be very useful. I linked some additional great resources in it.
I cannot stress enough, the best way to learn is to build things that push your limits and to do so continually.
For an even larger (and perhaps overwhelming) list of helpful web related sites, checkout WebDesignRepo!