Some terms for black color I have seen are:

  • Process Black
  • Pantone Black C
  • rich black

Do others exist?
What makes them different?


Process black and Rich black are both similar if not the same. The black is created with a mixture of Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Black. In 4 color printing it makes sure the back is saturated.

Pantone black is a spot color or a specific ink.


  • Isn't process black 100% black (vs rich black, which is typically 100% black along with percentages of the other process colors)
    – DA01
    Apr 5 '15 at 4:47

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