You can ask your printer for a chart; these charts are commonly used for calibrating all the equipment and for screen calibration as well. They contain the most reliable recipe of colors and are printed from their proofing equipment or provided by their proofing system manufacturer. Only problem, they don't have the color recipe written on them!
Proofing printers vs Press:
You mentioned "having the chart printed from press" but be careful to not get a digital print, it's worthless if you want to use it for offset as the colors are much brighter. You'll probably get a proof printed on an Iris or large size Stylus instead, the same system printers use for their own proofing.
You could always have them printed in the margin of other printed jobs but most printers already fill all the space they can on the sheets and there isn't much room left usually; sometimes barely enough for the registrations and the color bar.
The other issue with this is that even if it's on press, presses are partly calibrated manually too at the beginning and during each job, even if they have "network" profiles. So in terms of being "universally" correct with colors, the proofing system is even more accurate than the result on presses, and in fact the press operators rely on the proofs for their own calibration. Some stock/papers are also more yellow than others!
The only problem with anything you'll get printed is that it needs to be kept away from light because there will be a color change in the paper and the pigments over time.
If you can afford it, you can get a "color key" version from the printer. It's a set of 4 clear polyester sheets, one for each CYMK color. That's a traditional way of proofing but still very reliable for most offset printing.
Not all printers can provide them and they're also very expensive; they need to prepared manually.
Pantones Process Charts:
At this point, you might just prefer to buy a Pantones chart. There's also Pantones Process charts that show both Pantones in CMYK and Pantones. In all cases, the CMYK recipes are written below each color and that gives you already a good start even if you need to adjust the color slightly.
As a trick, if you cannot afford to buy these charts, you can find a ISO printer; due to the high requirements of quality and consistency of the ISO9000 system, these printers often need to replace their Pantones charts every year or so. If you're lucky, you could get a set of "non-ISO" charts at lower cost.
Source pictures: Colorkey - theswca.com, Pantones - modassicmarketing.com, Iris - oldtowneditions.com, Epson Stylis: jakethejeep.files.wordpress.com