You can not create an Illustrator document without an artboard. All Illustrator files have at least 1 artboard.
However... to deal with your InDesign issue.... when choosing
Place, tick the
Show Import Options box (in the InDesign Place dialog window) and then find the Illustrator file and click
Then a second dialog will pop up allowing you to choose what you want to import, for example, you can choose to crop the import to just the
Art as opposed to the
This allows you to import the Illustrator artwork into InDesign based upon the artwork bounds, rather than the artboard size.