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I have a poster I'm working on and would you say that this poster resembles flat design a little bit? I would think that it kind of does because of the lego guy's hair and the background) but that's not necessarily what I was trying to achieve in this poster. I was actually just trying to make the lego guy look more 3D which is why I added gradients to his pants and added shadows and highlights to his hair. The only problem I'm having is trying to figure out how to make the blocks look 3D rather than just having a solid color.

The main thing I'm asking is: is it ok for posters to contain some elements of flat design and a mix of gradients or should I not "blend" styles like that? Like is it ok what I have so far or should the poster stick with just gradients if I'm going for that type of look?

enter image description here

I also attempted to add flat design in the blocks, but not sure if I necessarily like it (See picture below). I also don't know how to determine if the cast shadow on an element should be straight up and down or diagonal? As you can tell the cast shadow is going "down" on the circles on the background and I have the cast shadow going "diagonally" on the blocks.

enter image description here

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I think this article from Designmodo lays out the principles of flat design clearly:

Flat design gets its name from the shapes used. Flat design employs a distinct two-dimensional style that is simply flat.

The concept works without embellishment – drop shadows, bevels, embossing, gradients or other tools that add depth. Every element or box, from image frames to buttons to navigational tools, is crisp and lacks feathered edges or shadows.

This is not to say your poster design can't use gradients, unless, of course, it specifically needs to be executed in the "flat design" style (i.e; project requirement requested from a client or professor). Hope this helps!

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Flat Designs typically have no directional lighting (directional lighting refers to the sun and any other artificial source of light like a flashlight).

The torso of the LEGO minifigure in the first image makes a good use of gradients to indicate the curvature of the model.

I also don't know how to determine if the cast shadow on an element should be straight up and down or diagonal? As you can tell the cast shadow is going "down" on the circles on the background and I have the cast shadow going "diagonally" on the blocks.

The minifigure appears to be lit evenly from the viewers point of view whilst the bricks appear to be lit from a light source on the top-left of the poster, which is inconsistent with the general lighting of the composition.

Using the same techniques as used on the torso, you can shade the small bevels between the bricks and the studs on the brick to match the geometry.

enter image description here

P.S. The studs in the background don't align with the bricks.

enter image description here

  • If the background is further, it would make sense the studs don't align because of perspective..it doesn't bug me personally. – Emilie Jan 12 '17 at 20:38
  • True, but if they were further, they would also appear to be closer together. You're probably right but that's just the impression I got. – Ambo100 Jan 12 '17 at 20:40
  • You're right actually, they should be closer as well and I'm also noticing they're not spaced evenly and it's annoying me now! – Emilie Jan 13 '17 at 3:45
  • The Studs were not really supposed to align with the bricks. It was strictly just a background I made with no purpose in making it align with the foreground. – Bekah Jan 16 '17 at 21:45
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Flat design tipically is... flat.

But flat design is a thrend, not a science, not a law.

There are some variations on the thrend. These come to my mind.

I. A flat projected shadow. This gives dimentionality, like a floating layer. https://www.google.com/search?q=flat+shadow+flat+design

II. Half shadowed (and some highlights). You can see this on a lot of avatars, where half the face has a darker color: https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=flat+design+avatar

https://www.google.com.mx/search?q=ice+cream+flat+illustration

Your examples has a shadow on the hair. The blocks on the second image too.


Depends:

III. Adding gradients. This is relative. For example Google's Material design, which can be considered flat design, adds shadows that almost always is a gradient.

Some of the previous examples had a gradient on the shadow to simulate how it fades.

Probably a parameter can be: Linear monochromatic gradients are permited. Circular or gradients between 2 colors no. n_n

The knees on your image has a gradient that simulates a round object. That is not flat design. A gradient should be very subtile.


This next two could be not really flat design, just faking it:

IV. Adding noise. I can not find a good example.

V. Triangulating everything. It is not a flat design, but an effort to flat an image in flat solid color triangles: https://www.google.com/search?q=triangulate+images


Adding gradients and noise can compromise a flat design for example when making an animated gif. A purley flat design will make a good flat animation on an animated gif, but gradients and texture could need the usage of error difusion textures on the gif, blowing up the file size.

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This resembles some flat designs, but is not flat. Shades and gradients represent something 3D. Is the work intended to be flat - that should be known, if one wants to decide have you succeeded in keeping it flat. How well you have succeeded in your design, that is different than how flat this is.

If the purpose was to show that LEGOs are fun, then use perspective, gradients, shadows, highlights as you like and the customer, too.

If I imagine myself to be the customer or employer, I could politely say that "maybe all things should have 3D tricks equivalently, because I didn't order 3D Charlie in flat world - just for the balance!" But it's as possible to get "Nice work! I was afraid that I must pay licence fees to Lego Co. It's a big relief to find that you found this approach." I should know, what is the original goal to conclude whatlike comments are probable.

Flat design is a couterattack against all kind of smaller and larger details that try to make an illusion of three dimensionality for decorative reasons. Flat design supporters believe that presenting everything as flat

  • more easily quides the focus to the content, not the appearance
  • is more easily adaptable into different screen sizes and user interfaces
  • is artistically as demanding and valuable as 3D imitating designs

Flat design is an approach to represent things. It is: Representing the current space of observables choises and the messages without 3D imitations.

A Flat Design work should be based to a decision to be flat and the originally wanted content should be limited to those that can be represented as flat.

Flat cannot hold objects which need 3D imitations to be instantly seen, what they are. Considering this: LEGOs, clothes and hair cannot effectively be represented in flat if the idea is to show their 3D forms. Some other aspects can well be represented as flat, for ex. there is a big bushy brown hair, the boy has fun with his bricks and there are plenty of them, even the wall is a big brick.

Thus, if you're going to keep it flat, remove

  • gradients
  • shadows
  • perspective
  • all those compositional tricks that can be interpreted as "something is further and something is nearer".
  • the intent to keep 3D forms instantly visible

All presented should be possible to be clipped of coloured papers that are piled onto the table - maybe overlapping, but definitely not the narrow side downwards.

Gradients can be acceptable, if they are not making an illusion of depth. Unfortunately in objects from the real world that is in watcher's eye, so avoid gradients on clothes, hair, toys etc..

Conclusion: Have all the 3D tricks that you like, if nobody wants you to keep it flat. The final impression should be the one that was the purpose. The limitations of the final output media should be taken into the account, too because you may be considered to be the expert on this.

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