# Questions tagged [color-theory]

Questions about color mixing guidance and the visual impacts of specific color combinations.

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1 vote
44 views

### How to make two distinct shapes's background colors merge in Illustrator?

So I'm trying to create the RGB color diagram in Adobe Illustrator, I created 3 elipses 366px wide and tall (so they're effectivelly circumferences). Then, I changed the background color of one of ...
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### A cover image with a shaded logo on the background of the left and a text on the right. The text also have a logo in there. How to balance the text?

I have this design: I'm using EB Garamond font with the WordPress logo to display the text. To translate it to English: Should individuals and small organizations use WordPress? The yellow phrase ...
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1 vote
37 views

### Two dimensional colormap for comparing angles

I have data on a 2D structured grid. At every grid node I have a unit length vector. So far it is a regular quiver plot. For every vector I consider it's angle (with reference to the x-axis). The ...
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101 views

### What is the most accessible color to put over a blue background?

I lack knowledge in graphic design and in ophthalmology to conclude an answer: Say I have some icon and/or text on top of a Blue background. What color should I dye that content that would be most ...
1 vote
264 views

### Optical illusion: Grey objects under colored noise sometimes appear as the complementary color?

I am trying to understand the difference between the two optical illusions below. Both have grey objects underneath a cyan noise pattern but with opposite illusions... why does the grey coke can under ...
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689 views

### How to make the arithmetic average of three images in GIMP?

With two images, it's easy to merge them together such that each image contributes an equal amount of Hue / Saturation / Value. I simply overlap the two layers, and set the above one to be at 50% ...
1 vote
134 views

### Color Difference functions are not good. What am I missing?

In the last few days, I tried out three renowned color difference functions. My expectations were very high as it was a function that reflected human perception. CIE2000 ITP (also called ICtCp or BT....
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86 views

### Tool to plot color ramp/palette on saturation vs brightness grid

Are there any tools that help plot colors on a saturation vs brightness grid like below? (And perhaps even help adjust the colors) I've seen this used on a couple different sites, but they seem to be ...
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88 views

### The most distinguishable n color combination?

Given a small number n, What is the most distinguishable n-color combination ? For example, below is my personal choice upto 4 : n = 2 : black, white n = 3 : black, white, red n = 4 : black, white, ...
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1k views

### Color Theory Math

While I understand the basic concept of the 12-step color wheel, I've noticed that in many color palettes, the saturation (S) and brightness (B) values of the colors often do not remain constant, even ...
1 vote
51 views

I'm making a website for my software company. Originally, I made the "visited" colour for links a darker version of the primary link colour. Looking back, I decided that the dark blue colour ...
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346 views

### Difference between health, wellness, and fitness color palettes?

If I google "color palette health", I get something different than if I google "color palette wellness". And "color palette fitness" gives even different results. I ...
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### How to expand a simple palette?

I grabbed a fun little neon palette from Paletton (below), and I want to try editing a photo (that I've reduced to a 256-color indexed colormap) to be in the neon palette. I'd like to get more nuanced ...
1 vote
454 views

### How to change a logo to work on a similarly coloured background?

This is my logo, which usually also has the company name below it: It is mostly used on either a white or a purple background. I’d like to use the logo on some clothing, like purple t-shirts, but the ...
302 views

### Two shapes with the same color code look different

I am creating a simple logo and I find even though the stroke color is identical hex, they both do not look the same in the document as well as when exported to a png are different. Both are set to #...
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641 views

### How to/Help create a CIELAB color space wheel in Adobe illustrator?

I am trying to create an RGB approximation of the CIELAB color space wheel for a* and b*. I know that effectively the there needs to be an angular/conical gradient from a central point with Yellow (...
115 views

### What is the minimal color palette that as long as we stick to it, then in general, there won't be any color contrast problems whatsoever?

I am not an ophthalmologist and not very familiar with color cognitive biases or blindnesses, so there might be a false premise in the following question or in possible discussions. I also don't ask ...
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1k views

### How can one transform a neutral lookup table texture for color blindness?

I want to add color blindness support on my Unity game, for this, the Color Grading effect appears to be the way to go. This is the neutral lookup table, i.e. when applied, nothing changes, it's ...
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2k views

### What are good reasons to reduce contrast?

Background information: Hi. I'm in discussion with our marketing regarding a picture. Since I found a typo, they need to redo the image anyways, so I have some additional feedback for them. The ...
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1 vote
111 views

### Measuring Color Temperatur Of Colors Not On Planckian Locus

I'm confused, why aren't the scales in the plot (with the labels 6000, 4000, 3000, etc.) forming a right angle with the Planckian locus? In my understanding, for a color not on the locus, one chooses ...
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779 views

### How to calculate colors which perfectly fits together rgb/ryb/cmyk/?

For my project (game) im trying to create a simple color palette of ~12 100% saturation colors and use those colors aswell with different saturation-shades-tints for less important elements. (goal: ...
1 vote
191 views

### UI design: How to match the movement of the hue with the movement of saturation and brightness?

I'm currently learning UI design, right now I'm focusing on color. I make good progress, but now I have hit a roadblock I can't wrap my head around. I understood that it's possible to design an ...
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71 views

I need to produce a scale going from "bad to good". Usually red stands for bad and green for good. However, the target audience is global and in some cultures, red is actually good (e.g. ...
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47 views

### How can I quickly find a matching color without professional skills?

I'm using PowerPoint to draw some diagrams for my thesis. I found that many papers had beautifully drawn pictures. But when I make it myself, it's always weird. I'm wondering if it's possible to ...
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86 views

### Advantages of non-white background in typography

Financial Times website has a non-white background, namely, 255,240,229 in sRGB. However, the text is not black: 50,48,46 (the title is black). Are there any advantages of such color scheme for web ...
1 vote
257 views

### Best 4-color palette for dithering arbitrary images on screen

Duplicate of this question since society of retro-computing closed it and recommended it to be moved here. In the good ol'days many computers limit their palettes to 4 to 6 colors instead of 8/16/256/...
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991 views

### What do we call darker, deeper, richer colors?

Burgundy, Forest Green, Navy/Royal Blue, to me, all have a darker, richer shade than their primary color counterparts. We identify lighter, duller shades as pastel, do we have a word for darker and ...
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1k views

### Why do the colors of these buttons look off?

I'm learning graphic design and, for practice, I'm making an app. I noticed my color choice of these buttons look off, although I'm unsure why. Also the proportions, but I'll take care of that later. ...
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### Color scheme implementation suggestions for dark purple and neon pink

(Although 'opinion' certainly may be in play here, there seem to be some consistent best practices about color usage on the web, and this question is about how to handle the scenario where violations ...
1 vote
49 views

### How to create a color palette for an app instead of website

TL;DR How do I create a color palette that supports the user expierence of my app and supports the specific requirements of an app compared to a website for a product or company. I don't need the ...
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421 views

### Theoretical best colors for dithering

It would seem that I'm very bad at explaining myself. This is not unusual, thus this clarification. Imagine a flip dot display. 2 colors, one or the other, per flip dot or pixel, no substrate, no ...
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### Question about what colours fall into the pointers gamut

Absolutely no idea if this is the best place to ask, if not, please point me in a better direction. Basically, I have been using this software to determine if the pixel colours of an image (the pixel ...
1 vote
340 views

### Trouble converting from sRGB to CIE 1931 XYZ

No idea if this is the right place to ask this, if not, please point me in a better direction. I am trying to convert sRGB values R:100 G:78 B:94 to XYZ using this site: https://www.nixsensor.com/free-...
1 vote
244 views

### Complement genereted color schemes to my CSS/HTML

There are fine tools out that generate color schemes with a color wheel based on color science. E.g. Paletton does so and offer me to export the colors to CSS. It is not clear for me to which elements ...
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1 vote
36 views

### Find two scales of color that do not intersect (much)

I have objects that have a number property (it's actually a percentage). I analyze these objects based on wether this property exceeds a threshold or not. I want to show these objects and color them ...
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2k views

### How can we deal with a white logo that needs to be placed on a white background?

Our brand has had its logo for several years and we like it. The only issue is now we need to place it on a white background, which obviously limits our options. What can be done (other than embossing ...
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239 views

### Critique Personal Logo

Heyo guys. I'm looking to get my personal logo critiqued The logo would represent the intersection between engineering and design and set an overarching design language for what I place it on: ...
290 views

### Calculation of RGB colors based on a sample color with darker and lighter variants

I have an icon which utilizes 3 variants of the same basic color (at least it seems). This is the basic color: #7646be: 1st variant (darker version): #582299: 2nd variant (lighter version): #c4acff: ...
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45 views

### How to balance the satuations of the colour used in my design?

Hi there, we've been designing this to present our profiles for a while now. We just felt something might be off with the colour. Please let me know if you got any thoughts on any points to improve🙏🙏...
49 views

### Question about balancing color palettes

I am currently learning color theory in depth, and I have trouble figuring out how to balance a color palette and how chroma plays a role in it. I have read an article that the following image (the ...
154 views

### DeltaE lower but color tone/hue different

I'm currently digging into color calculations/ conversions and also work with DeltaE. Although the mathematical way might be correct, how can I get a better "human accepted" difference? ...
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1k views

### Is every Pantone color displayable in sRGB?

I thought this would be asked somewhere before, but I can't find it. So if you have any good links for me to read please let me know. How much do Pantone (especially Pantone Solid Coated) and sRGB &...
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1 vote
469 views

### What is the lightest shade of pink that can contrast to white at 3:1?

I'm trying to investigate / create a pink color pallet. I need to know what is the lightest shade of pink that can give a contrast ratio (see WCAG) of 3:1 -- and maybe even 4.5:1 -- with white (#...
779 views

### How are #654ff0 and #f0db4f complementary?

The new WebAssembly logo uses a colour, #654ff0, that is claimed to be complementary to the one used in a JavaScript logo, #f0db4f: I've tried various online tools (#654ff0 gives #fd9815 or #ffd63b ...
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1 vote
326 views

### Adobe Illustrator: How to build a color palette around skin tone

I'm using Adobe Illustrator and the recolor dialog box. For the purpose of this artwork, I can't change the skin tone, and the color of the hair is also limited. I'd like for Illustrator to give me a ...
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63 views

### How to achieve result of a 2 Layer setup(top one is Overlay blend) with a multiple default images combination?

Imagine we have a 2 layer setup like this: Top Layer + (Blend Mode: Overlay) this layer shows a half-transparent smoke cloud - very bright in the center starting at white with smooth color transitions ...
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1 vote
1k views

### Why is brown a neutral color?

I recently have read two definitions of being a neutral color. Neutral colors are colors that can be used within any color scheme as in contour and highlight. Neutral colors are hues that appear to ...
55 views

### Which colors as background for a white logo [closed]

It is common to find white logos on a (some variant of) red background, e.g. Quora, Pinterest, Adobe, Swiss, Lego, etc. Somewhat less common is a white logo on a blue background, e.g. (Facebook) ...
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268 views

### How to determine color temperature by computer?

Hello I need to figure out if skin tones (real ones from photographies) are either warm or cool. As I'm having difficulties assessing with my eyes only I wondered if there was a tool that would tell ...
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