Questions tagged [color-theory]

Questions about color mixing guidance and the visual impacts of specific color combinations.

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65
votes
14answers
5k views

Is there a good resource or tool to help build a palette/color scheme around colors I select?

No matter how nice the composition, flow, and lines of my design are, if I am not copying directly from nature, I have a very difficult time picking a decent color scheme. It either looks too drab, ...
21
votes
4answers
17k views

Given a color scheme, how do I apply to website design?

Just so there is something concrete to discuss, say I have this color scheme: Source There are many articles about how to pick a coherent color scheme based on complementary colors, monochromatic ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

Ideal range of brightness and saturation for background color of a website?

I'm developing a website and I'm thinking about the background color saturation and brightness. I've read that too saturated and bright colors would strain the eye if not immediately after a while. ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Layout Design and Color Scheme for a Crisis Mapping Web Application

Here are a few screenshots of a web-based crisis mapping software, basically built for both governors and people. The design is somehow combined by ideas from different people, so we are interested to ...
0
votes
1answer
443 views

Large color palette generator?

Is there a color picker that will generate a large palette of colors say 10 or so? Most I've seen max out at 5. In my case, I have a project that has about 14 color-coded sections and it would be nice ...
3
votes
2answers
334 views

Should we increase saturation and brightness on CMYK colors?

I already heard that when we're gonna pick a correspondent CMYK color from a RGB one, it's "recommended" increasing saturation and brightness in order to get a better printing result, because every ...
2
votes
3answers
53 views

How should Colour Ranges, that exceed 4 colours, be referred to?

I am aware that CMYK is a Colour Gamut used for Printing, representing the following colours: C: Cyan; M: Magenta; Y: Yellow; K: Black. What I have not come across are standard terms used, when ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Palette of at least 10 hues with 4 lightness levels (by perceived appearance)

For a user interface I need at least 10 distinctive perceived hues, to get a palette with these criteria: The palette should have at least 10 hues and 4 lightness levels for each hue (dark, medium-...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Transform given color to 'Color Blind' scale

I am working on one project where I want people to have choice of visualizing graphs and illustrations in 'Color-blind' scale (design should emulate colors which will be visible to color-blind person)....
3
votes
4answers
584 views

Does my very ugly website violate any general tenets of graphic design?

I'm learning how to use AngularJS (a Javascript framework used in web development), so I decided to throw together a website to test out some of its features. The website is mostly comprised of ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

What CTA color would work best?

I am just getting into UI design. I have a site I am working with right now whose primary color is #ffb606(yellow). All of my CTA's are yellow with white text. I need to change the CTA color but I am ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Would a 5+ Colour Printer output any noticeable improvements on Prints of Artwork captured by Camera/Scanner?

I wish to create reproductions, of various pieces of Artwork I have created; using a variety of Paints. The obvious first step would be to create a digital copy using a Camera or Scanner etc. Once a ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

What color scheme to choose for background color of different section in one page website?

I have a website page with different sections like about us and contact us. I was learning about color wheel schemes but it is still unclear if I should use complementary or analogue scheme for ...
8
votes
6answers
2k views

Are spot colors limited and why CMYK mix is not treated same as spot color mix?

I read this article today. I understood a few things, but few remained unanswered. The article mentioned 18 basic colors. The things little confused me after that line. I assumed Pantone have only 18 ...
11
votes
7answers
12k views

List of RGB quaternary (and beyond) colors?

I'm trying to organize a list of colors for a puzzle game. I can find reliable lists (names and colors values) of the primary, secondary, and tertiary RGB colors - but I can't find any reliable list ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Can the RGB Colour Space recreate all colours within the CMYK Colour Space?

The obvious answer, to me, is that the RGB Colour Space is capable of reproducing the CMYK Colours; for the simple fact that the CMYK Colour Space is fully consumed within the RGB Colour Space as ...
4
votes
3answers
196 views

Highest contrast colour for annotation of greyscale image

When making figures for research papers I often have to do line annotations on greyscale images, such as the example below: The problem, as can be seen in the image, is that a colour that has high ...
18
votes
5answers
39k views

What is the relationship between hue, saturation and value?

I see people adding color on top of a gray-scale drawing and their colors look great, but when I do myself, the colors look terrible (dirty, not the color I seem to pick from the color wheel). People ...
9
votes
3answers
18k views

Is there a single text color that is acceptable on both dark and light background?

Is there a single text color that, when used on either dark or light background, produces a readable (or at least tolerable) output? If it makes it easier, constraints can be put on the hue, ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

What's the difference between Brightness / Contrast / Color Balance / Gamma Correction & Saturation?

Can someone explain the differences between these 5 terms, as if I were 5 years old?
24
votes
8answers
7k views

How do I make this color combination more readable?

I am trying to improve an existing web site, and this is what I am starting with: <body style=' background-color: rgb(50,101,152); color: red; text-decoration-color: red; ...
62
votes
5answers
59k views

How does one generate a palette similar to the ones in Google's material design?

Google's material design specifications have sets of colour palettes: Starting with a base primary colour, which they designate as "500", they then have a range of incremental steps of shade, ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Why are white digital fonts composed of more colors than white? [duplicate]

I know that colors are comprised of many other colors that can't be directly seen. But white? I thought white was just white. How come a combination of blue, yellow and red are not only are invisible ...
5
votes
2answers
599 views

Highlights and Shadows with Equal Weight

I'm creating isometric buildings in Inkscape. Each building has a base color. To account for lighting, the top of each building has a highlight, the left side has the base color, and the right side ...
-3
votes
5answers
2k views

Are the primary colors (red, green, and blue) the most contrasting colors?

According to the color theory, two complementary colors are the most distant ones on the color wheel and own a high contrast, e.g., Red and Green. For the primary colors, Red and Green are ...
1
vote
3answers
174 views

Can a combination of purple-green or pink-green make a design look bad?

Just like we use some green on red (not all cases, depends on saturation and lightness) as shown in last image, which looks not very common & attractive when it comes to illustrations for social ...
-1
votes
1answer
122 views

Setting new colour gradient scheme against flat colour scheme

What gradient colour scheme would work best for the boxes on my website? I have a navy header and grey background, but would like to add a splash of colour. The navy colour is part of our brand so it ...
3
votes
4answers
48k views

How yellow color is formed using RGB color model?

It is said that red, blue and yellow are the 3 primary colors, which can't be formed by any other color. Then how come we create yellow color in RGB color model? Is there any theory or reason behind ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Limited colour gamut of process colour

Process color has a limited color gamut when compared to spot color. Why does process color have a limited range of color?. Explain it in detail.
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to simulate paint mixing?

Everybody who ever painted knows that blue and yellow make green. Yet on a computer (at least in the RGB model), blue and yellow make white. Yes, it's mixing paint vs adding light, but how do you ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Find color where alpha at value `a` equals a given hue [duplicate]

I want to achieve a certain hue but also have the color that carries that hue contain a certain opacity. For example if I were after #ff0000 with 50% opacity, the color I would want to identify is ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Determing the best X colors to provide the most coverage in a pallete?

When creating a palette of colors, for use in things such as a painting app, or a box of crayons, or product variants, where you want to make as many different colors available as possible within the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the result of a secondary color mixed with the third primary color?

I am currently developing a puzzle game which requires the player to blend colors in order to solve the puzzles. I am using the RYB model because I think it's the most logical when it comes to ...
191
votes
15answers
19k views

Tips and resources for beginning designers

Thanks to the internet, graphic design and programming are becoming increasingly overlapping fields. As a programmer, I constantly find myself needing basic knowledge of Graphic Design, but have ...
-2
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the name of the group of colours resembling the shades of face powder? Powder colours?

What is the name of the group of colours resembling the shades of face powder? Powder colours? These colours are very popular in clothes. I need to know the name of this group of colours.
0
votes
2answers
742 views

How to quantify the distance between two colors?

I am working on an app that helps the user create data visualizations. Long story short, I need it to be able to tell when two colors will be in high contrast with one another or not, so that it can ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Help with colours [closed]

I would say I've always struggled with colour combinations so I'm hoping someone can help. How do you all choose your colour combinations? I tend to look at https://coolors.co and generate a colour ...
1
vote
3answers
178 views

Can RGB screen color exist in real physical world?

For example the bright royal blue color; R0 G10 B220, HEX: #000ae1. I know this color cannot be printed nor painted. But can this blue color exist in the real world other than on a digital screen? For ...
4
votes
1answer
529 views

How to predict new overlapping color in Adobe Illustrator?

The following image has three circles of RGB Red, Blue and Green on a White Background. Each one has 50% opacity. The stacking order is green, blue and red. The overlapping areas have tints of dark ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Question on color theory and automatic color scheme generation

I am majoring in Computer Science and me and my friend are doing our thesis on Color Theory (in particular, automatic color scheme generation). We have created some models that create palettes from ...
2
votes
3answers
721 views

Why is azure used instead of teal as cyan in color mixing?

Why does azure make a better cyan than teal for color mixing? On the HSV spectrum, cyan sits at 180 degrees, which is bright teal, whereas most printer inks and best primary blues for painting and ...
-2
votes
1answer
308 views

Background for bright orange button

I am designing UI/UX for a mobile app. The brand identity is using this bright orange color so I made the button look like this: But I don't know which background color to use for this button. and I ...
3
votes
3answers
508 views

why does desaturated yellow seem darker than saturated yellow if paper can't be brighter than white?

From what I understand, when we apply traditional pigments (i.e., non neon) on paper, we make the paper reflect less light than it was before we applied it. That is, when we apply a pigment on paper,...
3
votes
3answers
90 views

Is there a well-distinguishable toric color space subset?

For a plot I want to represent two periodic angles with a single color. Theoretically this is possible, since a torus (think Doughnut, any surface point of which can be described via two angles) can ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Why 0 lightness in LAB is not guaranteed to be black?

Since the L in LAB represents Lightness, why having 0 lightness is not guaranteed to be black? For example, LAB(0, -128, -128), is a very vibrant blue (#001ec3):
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Is there any color rule or theory for this kind of situation? [duplicate]

Is there any color theory or rule for something like this?: Considering that is a big blue square that contains another smaller green square and under the green one is a small and thin text with the ...
36
votes
10answers
28k views

How can the “dress” optical illusion be accurately reproduced on other images?

By now pretty sure the entire world is familiar with the "dress" optical illusion as it will one day be known. My question is how can this illusion be reproduced on other images? For those living in ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Chromaticity diagram

The chromaticity diagram is said to describe all colors visible to the human eye. However, I have also read that all visible colors are contained in a 3D color space – very similar to a cone – and ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Dark UI Design: Why tint the gray colors with a different (primary) color?

I'm currently building a desktop app and decided to go with dark UI. I got really inspired by the tools I use for web development (mainly Atom text editor) which have nice dark UI designs. So I ...
1
vote
3answers
510 views

How to balance and match colors in a color scheme?

I've selected a list of colors (for months of the year). This initial set seems (logically) good to me, however I certainly need to adjust some color tones in brightness, saturation or so. Is there a ...