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Questions tagged [history]

Questions regarding the history of design, typography and/or art.

30
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2answers
4k views

What is the name for these serif-like features of stereotypical “Old West” lettering?

Looking at the dedication plaque on the Salt Lake Temple, I was moved to wonder: What's the deal with this stereotypically "American Old West" style of lettering, where almost every letter has sort of ...
4
votes
2answers
93 views

What's the origin of “Kern, Baby, Kern.”?

On many blogs and typo-webpages, tutorials etc. I keep seeing variations of this phrase "Kern, Baby, Kern." I have searched for it and found many more occurrences, so it must be a profound truth or a ...
10
votes
2answers
253 views

Why was capital N temporarily inverted in 1468?

An answer for "Why does the small h letter in Garamond italic bend inward?" shows the following image: The middle row of this image (marked Han 86R, Rome 1468) has the capital N inverted compared to ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Is there a way to save the current GIMP edit history as a script?

Is there a way to export the edit history so I can use it in a script-fu?
8
votes
4answers
301 views

What resource to learn about the psychological effects of typography?

The recent questions I've asked all about how to achieve a special psychological effect in typography, and I think I need to have a better insights on the psychology of typography to effectively ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

How did Pink get associated with feminine beauty to begin with?

Women's History Month began this week, and gender equality is booming more than ever. Many brands are attempting to show support. Some of those same companies however are facing backlash over their ...
5
votes
2answers
119 views

What is the origin and the name of this style of the glyph “0”?

Unlike your usual methods of distinction like a dot or a slash in the center, or a narrower shape, this style uses horizontal stress. Good examples of it are the Academica, Turquoise fonts. I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Cyrillic vs. Roman calligraphy styles

The antecedents of today's Roman and the Cyrillic alphabets diverged nearly three millennia ago and the scripts still have some letters in common. Both are the basis of rich traditions of calligraphy (...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

How could letters overlap in manual typesetting?

Generally speaking, ascenders and descenders should not touch each other in the text body. This is self-explanatory as it could lead to text that is difficult to read. However, Erik Spiekermann ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

High pass photoshop filters skips the edges of the histogram?

In this Natalia Taffarel presentation, she explains that photoshop high-pass filter "skips the edges" of the histogram and that for creating an accurate high-pass filter we have to apply -50 contrast ...
7
votes
1answer
423 views

Classic Pizza Hut Lettering - who designed it?

I can't seem to find any reference to who designed the classic pizza hut logo, although I swear I read it somewhere at some point. Specifically I'm interested in the lettering! Any help appreciated!
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Type Research: »Die Rettung des Abendlandes« by Ernst Otto Montanus

Recently, I came across this book cover in an old antiquarian shop and I was immediately struck by the typeface used. All attempts at researching the typeface's name or origin or maybe the designer ...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

Does anyone know what style this monogram is based on?

Was flipping through Louise Fili's book and saw this monogram. The text says it was designed based on 18th century designs, but I'm having trouble finding any reference to this style of monogram. ...
6
votes
3answers
255 views

How were Apollinaire’s Calligrammes typeset?

How were Apollinaire’s Calligrammes typeset? Was it set on a letterpress? Linotype? How were the curved lines achieved? I can't seem to find anything online about this, but I am very curious.
8
votes
2answers
226 views

Why do some rare old printed manuscripts have mixed cases?

I wasn’t able to find any example photo, but I recently saw some old manuscripts printed in the 18th century (I believe) at the University of Vienna that had mixed letter casing in the middle of the ...
9
votes
2answers
269 views

How were printing plates produced from multicolour drawings before the digital era?

There are many ways of duplicating an image. I'm thinking of graphics-containing newspapers and magazines circa 1950s and 1960s. When an artist produces an original ink-and-paint drawing/photograph/...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Help identifing font of isolated character in historic documet and find modern match

This image below shows a few lines from the July 1948 Bell System Technical Journal. The 'p' character in the second line, used to typeset the "p0 = p1 = 1/2" equation is the character in question. ...
97
votes
7answers
19k views

Who first discovered CMYK?

It has been used for colour printing for many, many years, but who (and when) first discovered that a bright pink colour (magenta), a light blue (cyan), yellow and black can be mixed to create almost ...
4
votes
1answer
194 views

When and why did spaces around an em dash originally appear?

Today, the usage of spaces around an em dash in English depends on the publisher's style. But in scanned old books, I find only unspaced em-dashes—similar to this one. (Moreover, in printing, the em ...
6
votes
1answer
506 views

Why is the numpad on a keyboard not designed to print typographically correct symbols?

As Wikipedia states, the numeric keypad, number pad or short numpad provides calculator-style efficiency for entering numbers. The numpad’s keys are digits from 0 to 9, addition (+), subtraction (−)...
15
votes
3answers
343 views

Examples of expensive color related printing mistakes?

I was preparing a lesson for new designers about "How to make print ready files?" and I wanted to add some historic facts about the greatest and most expensive print mistakes—something interesting to ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

Why do most of the well known currency symbols have strikeouts in their symbols?

We encounter currency symbols every day as shorthand for a currency’s name, especially in reference to amounts of money. Most, like these common currency symbols, have strikeouts in their sign. Even ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the origins of terms “em” and “en” as typographic units?

As you know one of the most common versions of the dash in typography are the en dash "–" (Unicode character U+2013 and HTML symbol –) as well as the em dash "—" (Unicode ...
9
votes
2answers
668 views

Is the Google logo a good example for basic trends in logo design?

Last year one of the most popular logos changed significantly by introducing a controversial "'new logo and identity family 'designed to work across multiple devices.": I remember that I was ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Who designed monokai color scheme?

I admire Monokai color scheme. Did the makers of Sublime Text design it or is it in use before Sublime Text arrived? The second part of the question is that can I freely copy it for my own editor or ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

How to find which brush was used in a layer in Photoshop?

In a new layer, I selected the shape of the letter U and used a specific brush to brush in that selection in Layer 16 (in the screenshot below). Now I can't figure out which brush I used to get this ...
61
votes
6answers
14k views

Before computers, how did cartographers draw roads with perfectly parallel sides?

If you're drawing a road on a map, and that road happens to be straight, it's easy to draw its two sides parallel: you just move the ruler. But most roads twist and turn, and drawing their sides ...
14
votes
8answers
4k views

How were scientific illustrations made before the spread of digital computers?

Before the advent of digital computers, a lot of scientific publications had high quality illustrations. How did they do this without computers? EDIT Examples of illustrations to which I am ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do fonts set to the same (pixel) number of size differ drastically in actual size when displayed on screen? [duplicate]

Something that has always puzzled me is the fact that when I change the font used in a program, even though in theory the font size is remains the same, the actual displayed size differs dramatically. ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

Delete only one step in the middle of history (Photoshop)

Is it possible to delete only one step in the middle of history (keeping all steps after it) without juggling with multiple files?
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How to save history in Photoshop?

Is there a way to save a file in Photoshop CC 2014 with history? I would like to open a file already saved and see the history.
22
votes
1answer
988 views

Who first used three stacked bars as an icon for “menu”?

The three stacked bars for a menu (known as a “hamburger menu”) seems like a pretty new concept. Is there any canonical information out there about who created this icon? I’m curious because it has ...
81
votes
5answers
57k views

Why don't upper case numbers exist?

Capital letters add a lot to text in various ways, for names, brands, emphasis (although capitalisation for emphasis is frowned upon) Why then, are there no upper case numbers?
2
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1answer
199 views

What style would you say this cassette tape packaging is?

I've provided some concept styles to a client and wasn't sure how to describe this style. What time period/style does this image evoke most?
21
votes
6answers
1k views

What can be done to preserve the history of digital design?

I have recently moved, so I went through the process of deciding what to keep, what to donate and what to throw away. One of the things I kept was a banker's box full of examples of my print and ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a way to retrieve the file in illustrator that just been accidentally replaced?

Is there a way to retrieve the file in illustrator that just been accidentally replaced? is there some sort of history? The application was closed after it was replaced so there's no way i can undo it....
14
votes
1answer
2k views

What tools would Monks use when DESIGNING a large illuminated letter or pattern?

The answer here: https://graphicdesign.stackexchange.com/a/35128/2611 got me thinking about how illuminated letters were designed. There's a lot of resources out there discussing illuminated texts ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Examples of medieval and Renaissance typography? [closed]

Do you know any fonts that mimic the typography from the Renaissance era? Time: 16th century Place: Denmark/Scandinavia The thing I'm working at is a logo for a Jousting Simulator. This game took ...
20
votes
9answers
7k views

“Good Artists Copy; Great Artists Steal” - How can this concept be supported & explained by a designer?

"Good Artists Copy; Great Artists Steal" This is the most famous version of the concept described by so many great artists, yet, as a designer/artist, I'm not sure how I would explain it. The ...
2
votes
1answer
591 views

Origin of solid color banner at top and bottom of websites motif

It's extremely common on websites to see solid colors spanning some portion of the top and bottom of the website, much like can be seen on some of the stack sites. Stackoverflow is a good example, it ...
4
votes
1answer
888 views

What were some the main trends/breakthroughs of web design?

We have quite a few questions about some web design trends in particular, but I was wondering if you could help me put together a quick reference to what the main web design trends and breakthroughs ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

Icon design etymology?

Is anyone aware of any resources for Icon design etymology, or the history of icon design? I'm talking about icons like Wi-Fi/Ethernet/Bluetooth status indicators, add, save, and similar simple images ...
11
votes
2answers
926 views

Origin of numerical font weight descriptions in typography

The CSS specification (among several others) establish that, when selecting a font, the font-weight may be described using numerical descriptors ranging from 100 to 900 at 100 increments, where 400 is ...
8
votes
2answers
985 views

Are there any films about graphic design?

I'm looking for fiction films that are either about graphic design, or have important elements of its history, and I'm a bit stuck. I'm not trying to find movies that would be inspiring for ...
3
votes
2answers
387 views

Is there a common basic template or style for movie posters?

I am designing an app about collecting movie posters (original ones combined with some funny/creative factors). Since there are different kinds of movies (horror, romantic, action, etc.), I need to ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

High-Resolution Operina Scans

I'm not sure if this is the right forum but there doesn't seem to be a dedicated typography forum. I'm looking for high-resolution scans from pages of Arrighi's La Operina, which is a classic manual ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

How was brand consistency maintained before computers?

The era of computers makes it easy to regulate brand consistency - you can e-mail anyone your branding guidelines in a PDF and it will have all the information they need. However, I still sometimes ...
10
votes
2answers
737 views

What design and art concepts were art students/professionals discussing in the 70s?

I'm wondering: If you were [conditional, I'm not asking for people who were actually there] an art (or printing, or advertisement, I'm not sure what the title would have been back then) student or ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What are some obscure/rare/endangered/extinct typographic symbols?

Just discovered the "asterism" today: ⁂ Super cool. I had never heard of it or seen it before. Wikipedia has more about it. What other typographic symbols are out there that were never all that ...
1
vote
1answer
328 views

What is the boldest version of the font Neuzeit?

What's the boldest variant of the "Neuzeit?" Neuzeit Grotesk (or "GroT") is the boldest I've found online, but I just came across a sample in an illustration that was even bolder than that. I need to ...