This type of abstraction shapes typically called the "plexus style" model.
Not sure I got what effect exactly you mean... But to deliver a similar image for a one-time project I would use:
Blender (to model the shapes)
Photoshop (to blur, combine the shapes and background together, get in shine and fancy colored)
Alternatively, similar results ...
Let me play with this:
A. Duplicate your sphere
B. Duplicate your row and place it a bit down
C. And move it a bit to one side, to the left on this example.
D Repeat several times.
This could be one "isometric" style (It is not really isometric) but you do not have any perspective at all.
F. So you could now scale the second row and keep scaling ...
I agree with @Billy Kerr that Blender is the appropriate tool to use.
I was able to get the following effect on Inkscape.
I followed these steps:
Create a single circle with 2-point radial gradient
Add a 100% white background to the circle to eliminate any transparency effects.
Align to form a row, then offset to create a plane.
Finally, copy a new plane ...