27 votes
Accepted

Why some fonts have the 'f' and 'i' joined

This is called ligature. There is some useful background knowledge on Wikipedia In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph. ...
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  • 386
21 votes

When should someone use ligatures?

There are two types of ligatures. Type 1: The reason ligatures exist is to prevent spaces between some letters which could disturb your reading flow. For example in some fonts "fi" overlap each other ...
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  • 1,608
18 votes
Accepted

When should someone use ligatures?

No One Rule Fits All Situations This is all somewhat complicated, because it ties in with kerning support and font selection, and there is no one-size-fits-all answer that will serve for all ...
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  • 886
8 votes

Typesetting in Dutch: Dijkstra vs. Dijkstra

This may be utterly unsatisfactory, but I think the right answer is, very Dutch, it mostly doesn't matter. In regular body text, the difference is so subtle that the average Dutch person will not ...
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  • 24.3k
8 votes

Why does the lower case 'r' in Google Sans font change size depending on the next letter?

To get the arch of the R above the crossbar of the T, I imagine. The E and A are lower and rounded, so the R fits into their negative space, but the T pokes to the left. It's really noticeable. It's ...
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8 votes

When should someone use ligatures?

In many fonts designed for readable body text, ligatures tend to be subtle tweaks that are barely noticeable, just fixing what would otherwise be an awkward placement of adjacent letter shapes. The ...
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8 votes

Why some fonts have the 'f' and 'i' joined

As mentioned, this is a ligature, and is one of many similar ligatures such as ffi, fl, ffl, Th, oe and ae. If you're interested in this sort of detail within fonts (and within design, as a larger ...
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  • 81
7 votes

Is this Dutch IJ ligature suitable and readable to native speakers?

That lowercase ij is awesome 😄 My first thought was, "wow, low bridge ahead" – but I had a hunch it was to fit in with the rest of descending characters, and so it does. You even use this on the ...
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  • 4,178
7 votes
Accepted

Are Th ligatures used in German typesetting?

I am aware of two reasons not to use a ligature: It would optically create a connection where it is unfitting, usually over a morpheme boundary, e.g., shelfful in English or Geburtstag in German. Since ...
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  • 14.3k
5 votes

How can I check if some OpenType font supports ligatures?

For ligatures to be supported in an OpenType font, two things need to be there: the actual ligature glyphs (which you can check by scrolling through the glyph table with a symbol picker etc.) and a ...
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4 votes
Accepted

Why does the lower case 'r' in Google Sans font change size depending on the next letter?

You can add css font-variant-ligatures:no-common-ligatures (or font-variant-ligatures:none) to prevent Chrome (and Firefox!) from displaying 'r' that way. IE/Edge don't have the bug. You could also ...
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  • 56
4 votes
Accepted

How do I create a font that automatically uses accents and removes duplicate letters?

I don't know which software you are using, but I recommend you read the FontLab Studio 5 manual. I am going to give you a quick answer on how to do both tasks you mention in FontLab Studio 5. For ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Font Creation - Ligatures between greek (θ) and latin vowels

Having spoken to one of the developers at HarfBuzz, it turns out that this simply can't be done in Chrome because the text from different scripts will be separated into different runs before being ...
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2 votes

Are Th ligatures used in German typesetting?

Well, the thing is 'Th' ligatures aren't used anywhere traditionally. They were popularized in the early digital period by Adobe, who put them on their serif typefaces as standard. Before that they ...
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  • 3,370
2 votes

A font with custom ligatures (for music)?

If you have the time, I urge you to ignore suggestions to don't-even-try-and-use-something-already-done, and at least try to do the new thing you propose. Thus, you can start by reading The OpenType ...
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2 votes

Photoshop not recognizing ligatures in Baskerville

Unfortunately, Photoshop doesn't recognize the ligature table in your version of Baskerville. I get the same result with my TrueType version from Monotype. I have tested Adobe's ITC New Baskerville ...
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  • 3,611
2 votes

Should an 'fi' ligature be created for and used in the case where the 'i' has an accent?

I've never seen such a font, but then I'm an English speaker and we rarely use accents/diacritics, except perhaps in a few word borrowings from other languages. "Should" is far too strong a ...
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  • 73.5k
2 votes

Looking for tips on 'ca' letter combination

The ca looks somehow weak between substantially richer n and p. Clip the horizontal serifs off and readjust the letter spacing. I guess there's numerous serif and sans-serif fonts which look more ...
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2 votes

Ligature glyph bearing rendered incorrectly - FontForge - OTF font

Your i.sign1 is getting -524 for LBearing and that will overlap back characters.
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  • 21
1 vote
Accepted

A narrow font with coding ligatures?

"Narrow font with coding ligatures" sounds like the design brief for Iosevka.
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1 vote

Photoshop not recognizing ligatures in Baskerville

Baskerville doesn't allow me either to toggle ligatures on or off. It works with other fonts like Myriad Pro Regular for example, the fi ligature in not grayed out in the character's menu. I see 2 ...
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1 vote

Do discretionary ligatures hold any other purpose than visual?

Whilst ligatures may have lost much of their original function in modern print, that is to say printing from digital files, they were (and still are) an essential part of traditional letterpress ...
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