As has been said by others, ImageMagick isn't really for vector-to-vector conversion.
I don't have much experience using Inkscape with .eps files, so I don't know reliable it is for ones that weren't generated by the barcode command, but, at least in theory, you can do this using its command-line interface.
(It used to have a bug in its EPS parser which ...
This is a work-around that works for simple shapes, and my test was specifically with a pentagon as implied with the question data.
There is an extension for Inkscape known as "Inkscape to OpenSCAD" which takes the design created in the edit window and converts it to multiple paths (if more than one shape) in OpenSCAD format. There are earlier and later ...
Select the text and do Path > Object to Path Shift+Ctrl+C. This will convert the text to outlines.
Ungroup the the text Shift+Ctrl+G
Path > Union Ctrl++. This will join up all the letters as one path.
Draw a rectangle over the text
Select both text and rectangle and do Path > Intersection Ctrl+*
The result will be all outlines so that your cutter ...
SVG can be parsed by Illustrator, Affinity Designer, Inkscape and other such vector art tools - it's then a trivial matter to switch the areas which are filled to carrying a stroke, and re-export those as .svg - or if you're comfortable with .svg code (it's human parseable so not hard) you can manually edit in any text editor if you've the time.
I highly recommend reading this post on SVG's syntax. It will probably answer all of your questions :)
With that being said, when understanding a coordinate system I highly recommend not scaling whatever you're looking at. That makes it a lot harder to understand.
Your path command uses the following commands:
M: Move to the absolute coordinates x,y
There is no such thing as a "vector blur". It does not exist.
It's not a limitation of PDFs or any operating system. The nature of vector content simply precludes the creation of soft edges with the exception of gradients. And blurs, or canned drop shadows, are never automatically converted to gradients anywhere I've ever seen.
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