Normal text flow does not apply to tables, meaning you can't have rows automatically broken across consecutive pages to show partial content. If a cell is too high to fit, it will get pushed to the next page by default.
What you can do however is manually simulate this. Add another row and move some of that content there, so you can get what you need, ...
I had the same issue on a PC and my workaround for this issue is as follows:
Save the illustrator file as PDF
Open the PDF in Adobe Reader
Select and copy the text from the PDF.
Paste text in any program.
Metallic writing is easiest in Photoshop because it has layer style Bevel&Emboss which your examples seem to use. It alone gives numerous variations. You'll find easily numerous gold making receipes which use that effect. In addition they insert color variations for greater plausibility - gold gradients or even a photo of gold to be used instead of a ...
There is no need to set a different style on the last bullet point.
Just set up "bullets" style with Space after set to 4mm and Space between set to 1mm, and apply this one style to all bullets.
I know of no good way to find the para before a bullet list, but you can use a trick to apply 2 styles at once.
First the set up:
You already ...
Use the Indents and Spacing section of the Paragraph Style dialog to specify Space Before and Space After.
Use the option Space Between Paragraphs Using Same Style to specify the space between the bulleted list items. (note: this is a new-ish feature and may not be available in older versions in InDesign)
For example, if Space Before is 1mm, Space After is ...
A point (pt) is a physical size and it depends on the document resolution. I imagine between two your documents it's not the same.
Select your first document, go to Image > Image Size to get its Resolution, then switch to the second one (the one you want to change) and in the same window change the Resolution value to the same as your first doc.