141

They do. The thing is, you probably don't realise, because upper case numbers have been all you've been using or seeing. There is a distinction between 'default' numbers and 'oldstyle' numbers. The default numbers we all know are the actual capitals, with the 'oldstyle' numbers (sometimes incorrectly called 'proportional numbers') are lowercase. Fonts tend ...


88

The vertical alignment of a plus sign and minus sign will be consistent (obviously I can't say for certain for all fonts, but generally). What you are using there (I assume), and the key on your keyboard is actually a hyphen or hyphen-minus. The vertical alignment of hyphens and dashes are often not the same as the alignment for a minus sign, which will be ...


73

It Started Curved The apostrophe first appeared in the printed universe in Italy, 16th century, as a curved shape to signify elision copied from handwritten classical Italian poetry. The apostrophe was equivalent to our "Gotchas" or "Wannas" in the sense that it was a way to take the stiffness of the text away by making it sound more human-like. Here is an ...


55

They’re almost interchangeable – but there’s a difference of emphasis that can be useful. If you talk about the typeface, your focus is on the end result, some type’s appearance and aesthetics in use. It might have come from a font, or it might not: hand-painted signs, graffiti art, comic lettering, calligraphy, logos etc can all have distinctive typefaces ...


54

Great question! A good place to start is the faceted search tool on Typekit, which gives options for the main types of typeface and the main dimensions they can be measured against: So you could look for Typekit options that seem to match, and try them out. As you choose descriptions you can instantly see the sort of fonts that come up, so you can tell if ...


54

URLs are not regular text Using a monospace font is not pleasing to the eye, […] Yes, but then reading URLs isn’t very pleasing anyway. So, think about for a second why you typeset a URL in the first place. Nowadays, you often do not need to do this at all, because in almost any digital medium you can equip some human-readable text with a hyperlink, ...


48

While upper case numbers do exist, as is shown in vincents answer, they did not originally exist at all. Remember, our numbers are copied from the Muslim scientists who wrote in Arabic.* Arabic is unicase. That is, all letters are same case, so the notion of big and small numbers is a later development. Since the original system had no case, neither did the ...


43

Yup, these are legitimate things and they have names. "Visual alignment", or, "Optical alignment" This is the general principle - you're aligning by eye by what visually looks right, rather than by rule. It's used not just in typography but anywhere visual consistency is important, for example in designing icon sets - making icons with curves look neat ...


39

Fillerati Fillerama Gangsta Lorem Ipsum F*ck Lorem Ipsum Bacon Ipsum HTML Ipsum Loripsum.net LittleIpsum for OS X Professional Lorem Ipsum Generator Veggie Ipsum Hipster Ipsum Journo Ipsum Tuna Ipsum Samuel L Ipsum Charlie Sheen Lorem Ipsum The Web 2.0 Lorem Ipsum Generator Beer Ipsum Lorempixum Malevole GAG Ipsum Space Ipsum Cupcake Ipsum Zombie Ipsum Bogan ...


39

Because of the time period these are most likely hand drawn. Probably using stencil, to save time*. Using a stencil explains why 0, O, I, 1 and also the foot of R are done this way, simply they are re using the stencil to save space. Image 1: Period engineering drawings were made with similar stencils. Stencil image courtesy of Smith Drafting stencil also ...


37

This is certainly a subject with many cultural and individual differences. I have a set of rules which guides me through the days, but I often see nice typography breaking those same rules. I'll give you my thoughts about this subject, but take it for what it's worth. (The examples are just quick sketches, don't pay too much attention to the aesthetics.) ...


35

If you look at many fonts you'll notice that the curvature of the letter 's' pierces the perfect alignment of the baseline and of many other small letters. And as a general rule round shapes tend to do this - pierce the baseline of straight edges. I had an article about this phenomenon, and why it happens, somewhere in my bookmarks but the link evades me at ...


34

Of the original "web-safe" (that is, as close to universal as you'll get on the Web) sans-serifs (Arial, Impact, Tahoma, Trebuchet MS, Verdana), Verdana tends to get the most love. It's well-designed and is designed to be readable on the screen. It was designed by Matthew Carter, a respected typeface designer, and the design itself is pretty original, so it ...


34

A Good font: Pair kernings have been addressed. How does "AV" look? Or "To"? The glyph box is not dramatically larger (or smaller) than the glyphs Glyph alignment on the baseline is correct, including adjustments for caps and rounds such as C, O, G, Q, S, etc. Stroke weights, thick or thin, are consistent between various glyphs, even if they have varying ...


33

Just some extra pointers to try to break from bad habits, since I think the previous answers are pretty thorough. Position the Paper Comfortably Pay attention to the position of the paper and modify it until you find the most comfortable position for you. Keeping the paper straight in front of you will force your wrist to strain and contort in order to be ...


33

It's a feature of that particular font design. There is no distinction between a horizontal and slanted hyphen. Some fonts such as Adobe Garamond, Monotype Goudy, Goudy Old Style (URW), have a slanted hyphen, but the vast majority of serif fonts don't. Some also have a hyphen that looks more like a tilde, but again this is just a design choice. The reason ...


32

Fifteen Centuries of Versals There are many ways to indicate the beginning (or resumption) of a section of text, including paragraph indents, blank lines, changing the weight or style of the opening part of the text, ornamentation like fleurons — and versals, a category that includes drop caps. A Manuscript Example Versals, also known as lettrines, ...


32

Two quick tips for checking kerning... squinting your eyes, and inverting the text... by doing this you can focus more on the contrast and white-space and be less distracted by the actual letters themselves. This confirms what I thought when I first saw it - Looks OK to me. Edit - A comment above drew attention to a previous answer which includes my ...


29

While this is primarily a list of sites, know that browsing a website is not the only way to look for typefaces. Some type foundries still publish specimen catalogs, and some now have mobile apps and Adobe plugins. Many will also have e-mail newsletters to update on new things. MyFonts FontFont Typophile Letterhead Fonts Linotype FontShop – A great ...


29

Stiff, P. (1996). The end of the line: a survey of unjustified typography. Information Design Journal, 8(2), 125–152. No empirical data, but a good overview. Science would tell us that inconsistent word-spacing as a result of justification may inhibit saccadic eye movement by creating irregular “jumps” for the eye to make. I have not read a study that ...


29

A few further points: Many monospaced fonts have good character differentiation. Compare 1Il and 1Il. In a pdf (you're talking about academic papers so this is a likely format) being read on screen, the font indicates that the text might be a clickable link. That's why it's often used for DOIs as well. In fact it's common to have (i.e. only the unique ...


29

I think you're either asking about a monospaced typeface – where each character has the same width – or the tabular lining opentype feature, which makes numbers the same width in typefaces where this feature available. This is useful for displaying alot of numbers in tables for instance, or when numbers need to align perfectly across multiple lines. Some ...


28

My advice as a parent Kids of that age don't read books, they look at books and enjoy the images, colors and stuff. Other people read those book to kids under the following conditions: Bad light (because it's bed time) The head of the kid in between the book and the reader A never steady book, because the kids like to help holding it As a result, use a ...


28

Did a bit of research to make sure, but in general "proper" typography doesn't use straight quotes, single or double. Here's a handy guide for the commands and HTML entities for single/double curly quotes. Typewriters are also responsible for the introduction of ‘straight quotes’, non-specific quote marks designed as a space-saving measure for the ...


27

Being under the illusion that I am somewhat of an expert on the long s¹, I mostly agree with your assessment. The only slight addition I would like to make are texts talking about historical texts. On German Language SE, several answers (such as this one) would look rather ugly if the long s weren’t supported by the font used for the site. If that is the ...


26

It can be confusing because often times you find out that people use the term "font" openly to refer to many things in typography. Here's a lively discussion on fonts and typefaces. Traditionally, font is a term used when discussing a set of characters of a certain typeface and in the same family. A font has also been used to describe a software used to ...


26

What is case? The discussion both in this question and in the one it inspired on ELU seems to conflate two distinct meanings of ‘uppercase’ and ‘lowercase’: Based purely on shape and size, originating in whether a glyph was originally usually stored in the typographer’s upper or lower case (= drawer). Based on functionality, describing what upper- and ...


26

This is called ligature. There is some useful background knowledge on Wikipedia In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes or letters are joined as a single glyph. Many ligatures combine f with an adjacent letter. The most prominent example is fi (or f‌i, rendered with two normal letters). The tittle of the i in many ...


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