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It is simply called Word spacing. Word spacing in typography refers to the size of the space between words. It should be distinguished from letter-spacing (the spacing between the letters within each word) and sentence spacing (the spacing between sentences). Typographers may modify the spacing of letters or words in a body of type to aid readability and ...


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This is already in the comments, but to answer this, I regularly and consistently use thin/hair spaces before footnote numbers, to separate these a bit. Without these thin/hair spaces added, footnotes will generally be too close to the preceding word, sometimes even sticking to it. Obviously, a full space would be too much, and should always be avoided. A ...


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There exist relatively common graphical representations that frequently have rotated vertical text. These are called technical drawings. The standard here states that vertical text is always rotated like your first example. Another example happens in book spines that are typically rotated in the opposite direction. I couldnt find any scientific evidence that ...


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It's exceptionally rare that I'll set any text in a rotated fashion such as these. But it does happen from time to time. I, personally, pay attention to the flow of the eye. I would never use any rotated text which causes the eye to move downward when reading it. An upward movement is always percieved as more favorable. I suppose if you want to promote a ...


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