@Yisela recommends Gnumeric. I would also recommend looking at LibreOffice.
What I've done in the past is:
Create my tables in LibreOffice Writer, applying formatting such as row borders, cell spacing, and so on.
Copy the table, open up LibreOffice Draw, and paste the table as a "LibreOffice Text Document" using "Paste Special".
Select just the table.
tldr; You're talking about 'part to whole relationships', here's most of the techniques for that currently in use.
Choose a visualisation method based on what message you're trying to bring out of the data you're trying to show, then style it as much as you want (being very careful to not get in the way of understanding the actual data and message).
Edit III: I found an imensly gorgeous example of multivariable quantitative data visualisation, and had to add it. You will find it under the heading "Edit III (Nobel laureates)".
Edit II: there has been a little misunderstanding, and I have edited to try to clarify how I interpret the intended use of the data. I have replaced two images and added a section ...
Put this into a file called CircularLinegraph.eps. You can then open it in any editor that understand EPS like illustrator, ghostscript, TEX, etc.
%%BoundingBox: 0 0 200 200
%%Title: Circular Linegraph demo for faisal
%%Creator: Janne Ojala
10.17 8.80 10.0 9.50 9.00 6.00 7.50 8....
Since you mention Excel, something you could do is use Gnumeric to import your .xls files into it, and from there export them as SVG. Unlike Excel, Gnumeric has more export options that would allow you to create more complex elements without having to actually draw them on Inkscape.
There is also an extension for Inkscape called NiceCharts that is good for ...
The cool way
There's a font for this called FF Chartwell (no affiliation), which I have personally used for different annual reports and white papers. All the data is editable as numbers via the Story editor in InDesign, as the presentation video shows.
Each of the styles below sells as a separate font for about 20$. What you probably need is the 'FF ...
This type of graph is called a 'Waterfall Plot'
It can be used to plot arbitrary data in three axes (as in your example), but it is most commonly used to plot the results of a time-frequency analysis.
You mention waves/waveforms so I'm guessing you are interested in time-frequency analysis. Here is an example process to produce a waterfall plot of an audio ...
Can't speak for Nature but here are a few workflows I'm aware of:
Recreate the chart using Illustrator's chart tool. Hard work, and frustrating because Adobe haven't updated the chart tool since the bronze age, but not a bad investment in time if lots of very similar charts are needed based on a similar style. It's capable of more than it looks.
It is called a Radar chart (wikipedia) although thats not necessarily super well known or a high consensus name. Thus people have come with different names over time. I've seen it called a spider web chart and polar chart, both which may be appropriate descriptions, although wikipedia lists even more names if none of those seem appropriate to you.
I think there are a few additional questions that could narrow your search for the key to representing data to your audience. I think of them much like curtailing your resume to a specific job you want.
Why are you creating a infographic.
What is the net goal or outcome you want your audience to know about your data.
What do you know about your audience ...
This chart is actually a Euler diagram, but not a Venn diagram. All Venn diagrams are Euler diagrams, but not all Euler diagrams are Venn diagrams. Wikipedia explains the difference succinctly:
Unlike Venn diagrams, which show all possible relations between different sets, the Euler diagram shows only relevant relationships.
For example, this diagram ...
This is from one of the MindMapping apps. It looks kind of like an old version of MindJet's MindManager, or modern output from Freemind, but could be a couple of others. A few of them can be configured to make this kind of look.
Search for Mind Mapping apps in Google.
Freemind is free, open source.
MindJet MindManager is the market dominator.
When working with items which all must be 100% and the same color I look at the things which make the items distinctive:
size (including widths of strokes)
style (dashes, dots, etc)
fill (hollow, solid, patterns)
Then it's a matter of how I can adjust these four settings to create enough distinction between items so they are visibly different.
This type of chart is called a Venn diagram used in set theory and logic. It is a variant of Euler diagrams. Normally the subsets (minterms) are circular but this uses squares for holding the information about the "Universe" of information.
The name in its original publication from WIRED magazine
The scaling-law definition according to sciencedirect.com
Scaling laws are relations between physical quantities in which all the physical quantities appear in terms of powers, whereby a power of x is expressed in the form xα where α is a real number.
The scaling laws for 2D ...
Illustrator has a graph tool. It's very customisable, but it hasn't been updated for decades (literally) - it's very frustrating to use because it's based on UI standards from another era, all sorts of basic things don't work as expected, in particular:
Graphs can't be scaled or rotated the normal way. If you try to scale them the normal way with other ...
This is not a trivial problem; I am only going to give some general suggestions. My graphics are conceptional, would need some elegantifying to be optimal.
First: kudos for making the mesh in the background light-light grey. People often overdo that.
Do not underestimate the use of a few different diagrams to
demonstrate the same data! When people ...
You can do this with excel, atleast if you approximate the design a bit. Excell is probably the only tool that a unspecified random crowd can be expected to be able to use.
The real problem is that the more easy to use, and the more mainstream you want to go the more you need to sacrafice out of your design.
Excel can be made quite faithfull to your idea ...
The ancient Illustrator graph tool works quite differently to everything else in illustrator. Here's a couple of things to understand that make it a bit less of a pain:
The best way to navigate your way around a graph tool chart without breaking it by ungrouping it is with the little-used "Group selection tool" - the 'white arrow with a plus sign' ...
Imho, I would use Illustrator graph tool.
Now, let's have some fun and bring some magic into INDD using GREP.
The idea is to create character styles that would apply a strike-through to space after a given number. In the example below, I used 5 to 5 steps:
Then use Grep styles in your paragraph style in order to catch the space, in regard of the given ...
For reasons that shall become apparent, the list of software that can do this is absolutely staggering. The reason for this is that you do not list any border constraints for the application.
Let us start by stating that you can indeed do this chart in Excel, it might not be an ideal application for it but it can be done. And indeed if you already have the ...
Once I made a Keynote about Graphs and Diagrams Classification. Each graphic has an image example. This is the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLtg-jE2C9E&feature=youtu.be
It's a five hours class, and each screen has its explanation, the video is only the representative part. It's in Spanish, but the classification is the next:
It looks to me as a Range chart or Area Range chart, as what defines the main data is the range between the maximum and minimum value and not the values independently.
As seen here https://www.highcharts.com/demo/arearange
There is a concept known as using the 'wrong tool for the job'. Thing is the wrong tool is either illustrator or you.
Creating info-graphics is one of those things where either you learn programming or use a tool designed for your task. Now since you want to design stuff that is unique odds are you need to learn programming. Thing is though the kind of ...
I just discovered Hanpuku, a best-in-class solution for working with data visualization. I don't think there's anything better than this amazing piece of software!
I'd like to describe a workflow using this option mentioned by user568458:
Code up a web-based chart in something like D3, then extract the SVG ...
I was part of a university team to improve other researchers plots. Our team mainly used Matlab and Illustrator. Up to some point, Matlab does a better or efficient job on displaying basic elements in a plot, including adding axis labels, axis ticks, data lines and data dots. After some point of a plot improvement, Illustrator works better when it comes to ...
Not too complicated to be done in Adobe Illustrator (though it can be trying --- I find using FreeHand much faster and more efficient --- elegant).
One can use tools like Asymptote, Tikz, METAPOST, &c., or they may be created using MatLab or other computer algebra / graphing tools.